Tag: Heart Doctors in Houston

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease in which the heart muscle (myocardium) becomes abnormally thick (hypertrophied). The thickened heart muscle can make it harder for the heart to pump blood. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is very common and can affect people of any age. About one out of every 500 people has HCM. It affects men and women equally.

Other Names for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

  • Asymmetric Septal Hypertrophy
  • Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic Non-obstructive Cardiomyopathy
  • Idiopathic Hypertrophic Sub-aortic Stenosis (IHSS)

Causes of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

HCM is a genetic condition caused by a change or mutation in one or more genes and is passed on through families. Each child of someone with HCM has a 50 per cent chance of inheriting the condition. HCM is a common cause of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in young people, including young athletes.

HCM also can affect the heart’s mitral valve, causing blood to leak backward through the valve. Sometimes, the thickened heart muscle doesn’t block blood flow out of the left ventricle. This is called non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The entire ventricle may thicken, or the thickening may happen only at the bottom of the heart. The right ventricle also may be affected.

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Symptoms of HCM:

Many people with HCM don’t experience any symptoms. However, the following symptoms may occur during physical activity:

You may find that you never have any serious problems related to your condition, and with treatment, your symptoms should be controlled. However some people may find that their symptoms worsen or become harder to control in later life.

The area of heart muscle that is affected by HCM and the amount of stiffening that occurs will determine how the symptoms affect you.

For some people, a number of other conditions can develop as a result of having HCM. These may include abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias, including heart block and endocarditis.

Other symptoms that might occur, at any time, include:

  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • High blood pressure
  • Light headedness and fainting

 

Diagnosis of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

The health care provider will perform a physical exam and listen to the heart and lungs with a stethoscope. Signs may include abnormal heart sounds or a heart murmur. These sounds may change with different body positions, High blood pressure, the pulse in your arms and neck will also be checked. The doctor may feel an abnormal heartbeat in the chest.

Close family members of people who have been diagnosed with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may be screened for the condition. Tests used to diagnose heart muscle thickness, problems with blood flow, or leaky heart valves (mitral valve regurgitation) may include:

  • Echocardiography, ECG
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • MRI of the heart, Chest X-ray
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE)
  • 24-hour Holter monitor (heart rhythm monitor)

Risk Factors include:

Any strenuous exercise that increases after load (i.e., heavy weight lifting/training) can theoretically increase the magnitude of LV hypertrophy over time and thus worsen obstruction in subjects with pre-existing HCM. Risk factors for the development of end-stage HCM (manifesting as LV systolic dysfunction and LV dilation) include younger age of onset/presentation of HCM, a family history of HCM, increased ventricular wall thickness, along with the presence of certain genetic mutations in certain individuals.

Treatment of HCM:

At present there is no cure for HCM, but treatments are available to help control your symptoms and prevent complications. Your treatment will depend on how your heart is affected and what symptoms you have. You may need:

  • A Pacemaker – to control your heart rate
  • Medicines – to help control your blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms
  • An ICD – if you are at risk of having a life threatening abnormal heart rhythm

Seek counsel from our Houston Cardiologist if you suspect you are suffering from Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) for the best treatment options for you.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com|Call: +1 281-866-7701.

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Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (AICD)

Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (AICD) is a device that monitors a person’s heart rate. They are generally implanted into heart failure patients. AICD intended to convert life threatening rhythms of the heart which may cause sudden cardiac death also known as cardiac arrest, to a sinus (normal) rhythm. An abnormal heart beats are referred to as arrhythmias either one that beats too fast (Tachycardia), too slow (Brachycardia) or irregularly referred as Atrial Fibrillation.

Defibrillators treat arrhythmias in two ways: in the first instance the device tries to stop the abnormal rhythm with a burst of high speed pacing. If that fails, the device will deliver an electrical shock to the heart to reset its rhythm. Patients are usually not aware of cardioversion and nearly always aware of defibrillation. It is also capable of collecting and storing information about your heart’s electrical activity for your cardiologist to check. Cardiologist will program the defibrillator to deliver the best therapy for you.

The AICD gives your heart a shock if you suspect life threatening arrhythmias or an abnormally high heart rate. Some arrhythmias can cause the heart to completely stop beating. The shock given by the AICD can make the heart start beating normally again. An AICD can also make your heart beat faster if your heart is not beating fast enough.

The AICD System Consists of:

A small computer chip that tells the AICD when to deliver a shock

Batteries designed to last 4 to 5 years and deliver about 100 shocks

A pulse generator that can send an electrical impulse or shock to the heart

Electrodes that sense the rhythm of the heart and deliver a shock to the heart muscle

Doctor can also program the AICD to deliver a variety of sophisticated electrical therapies depending on the type of abnormal rhythm problem being treated.

Procedure:

An intravenous (IV) line will be started in your arm. Your doctor will inject a local anesthetic to numb the site where the device will be placed. Typically AICDs are implanted just under the collarbone, usually on the left side. Your doctor will make a small incision in the skin. From there, lead wires are passed through a vein to your heart and then tested to check their position in your heart. A little pocket is made under the skin for the pulse generator. It is about the size of a book of matches. The leads are connected to the pulse generator, and tested. Then your doctor will close the incision and program the device.

Potential Risks or Complications Associated with the Implantation:

The procedure is extremely safe, with a low risk of complication. Most complications are minor and easily treated, such as pain, bleeding and bruising at the implant site.

An infrequent complication is pneumothorax, a condition when the lung is accidentally punctured during the insertion of the lead. Air then leaks into the chest cavity, causing the lung to collapse. This condition can be treated with insertion of a chest tube to allow the air to escape and the lung to re-expand.

A rare but serious complication is infection of the implant site or the pulse generator/lead, requiring antibiotic therapy and even surgical removal of the entire AICD system if severe.

Factors that may Increase the Risk of Complications Include:

Obesity

History of smoking

Use of certain medications

Chronic diseases such as diabetes

Bleeding or blood-clotting problems

History of excess alcohol consumption

Symptoms:

Have chest pain or shortness of breath

Feel lightheaded and do not feel a shock

Call for medical help right away if you experience above life threatening symptoms. Seek counsel from our Heart Doctors in Houston for the best treatment options for you.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com|Call: +1 281-866-7701

 

Diagnostic Tests

In order to properly diagnosis an illness, an individual must undergo a series of tests. Some medical tests are simply a physical examination. Other tests require elaborate equipment used by medical technologists or the use of a sterile operating environment.
Specifically, a diagnostic test is a kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of a disease.

For example, diagnostic tests can:

•    Diagnose diseases
•    measure the progress or recovery from disease
•    confirm that a person is free from disease

In the case of cardiologists, diagnostic tests are critical in detecting and monitoring illnesses of the heart and surrounding tissues.

For example, following are a few of the more common cardiology diagnostic tests:

•    Blood test
•    CAT Scans
•    Echocardiography
•    Electrocardiograms (EKG)
•    Exercise Stress Tests
•    MRIs
•    Cardiac catherization
•    Cardiac biopsy

Diagnostic tests are a safe way to look inside the heart and determine not only the ailment, but possibly the safest and most effective treatment option. Cardiologists rely on diagnostic testing to monitor a disease and watch its progression or improvement.

If preventative measures weren’t enough to keep you from falling victim to a heart or blood vessel disorder, in best case scenarios, diagnostic testing can quite possibly catch the ailment in an early stage where treatment is non-invasive and rapid.

If you fear you may suffer from a heart disorder, see your cardiologist immediately to gain an accurate diagnosis and an effective treatment plan.

logon to www.advancedcardiodr.com and know more about the dignostic tests provided by Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center.

Treatment of Pulmonary Stenosis – Houston Cardiologist

Best Cardiologists in HoustonPulmonary stenosis is narrowing of the valve between the right ventricle or lower chamber, of the heart on its way to the lungs (pulmonary artery) or both. As pulmonary stenosis becomes more severe, the thickness of the right ventricle increases and produces right ventricular hypertrophy. Pulmonary Stenosis is a congenital (present at birth) defect that occurs due to abnormal development of the fetal heart during the first 8 weeks of pregnancy.

Types of Pulmonary Stenosis:

  • Valvar Pulmonary Stenosis: The valve leaflets are thickened and/or narrowed
  • Supravalvar Pulmonary Stenosis: The portion of the pulmonary artery just above the pulmonary valve is narrowed.
  • Subvalvar (Infundibular) Pulmonary Stenosis: The muscle under the valve area is thickened, narrowing the outflow tract from the right ventricle.
  • Branch Peripheral Pulmonic Stenosis: The right or left pulmonary artery is narrowed, or both may be narrowed

Causes:

Physicians do not know the exact cause of pulmonary valve stenosis. The valve in the fetus may fail to develop properly during pregnancy. The disease also may have a genetic component. The condition also may accompany additional congenital heart defects. Your physician will often recommend performing additional tests to ensure your heart is healthy. Adults also can experience the condition due to a complication from an illness that affects the heart. These include rheumatic fever or carcinoid tumors in the digestive system.

Pulmonary Stenosis

Signs and Symptoms:

Pulmonary valve stenosis signs and symptoms vary, depending on the extent of the obstruction. People with mild pulmonary stenosis usually don’t have symptoms. Those with more significant stenosis often first notice symptoms while exercising. Pulmonary valve stenosis signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Heart murmur
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of consciousness (fainting)
  • Shortness of breath, especially during exertion

Testing and Diagnosis:

In rare cases, newborns have life-threatening pulmonary stenosis, which requires immediate medical attention. Diagnosis of pulmonary stenosis may require some or all of these tests:

  • Chest X-ray
  • Cardiac MRI
  • Pulse oximetry
  • Echocardiogram
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)

Treatment:

Sometimes, treatment may not be needed if the disorder is mild. When there are also other heart defects, medicines may be used to help blood flow through the heart (prostaglandins), to help the heart beat stronger, to Prevent clots and to remove excess fluid. Prognosis without treatment is generally good and improves with appropriate intervention.

Treatment is balloon valvuloplasty, indicated for symptomatic patients and asymptomatic patients with normal systolic function and a peak gradient > 40 to 50 mm Hg. Percutaneous valve replacement may be offered at highly selected congenital heart centers, especially for younger patients or those with multiple previous procedures, in order to reduce the number of open heart procedures.

When surgical replacement is necessary, bioprosthetic valves are preferred due to the high rates of thrombosis of right-sided mechanical heart valves. This procedure is done through an artery in the groin. The doctor sends a flexible tube (catheter) with a balloon attached to the end up to the heart. Special X-rays are used to help guide the catheter. The balloon stretches the opening of the valve.

If you have pulmonary stenosis or another heart problem, prompt evaluation and treatment can help reduce risk of complications. Seek counsel from our renowned Best Cardiologists in Houston for the best treatment of Pulmonary Stenosis.

Schedule an Appointment: http://www.Advancedcardiodr.com |Call on: +1 281-866-7701.

Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment of Mitral Valve Prolapse – Heart Doctors in Houston

Best Cardiologists in HoustonThe mitral valve sits between the left atrium and the left ventricle and helps control the flow of blood from the left atrium into the left ventricle. The mitral valve consists of two flaps called leaflets. Normally, the leaflets open and shut in coordinated fashion to allow blood to flow in one direction from the atrium to the ventricle.

Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) is the most common valvular abnormality, affecting approximately 2-6% of the population in the United States.

Causes of Mitral Valve Prolapse:

Mitral valve prolapse occurs when the valve between your heart’s left upper chamber (left atrium) and the left lower chamber (left ventricle) doesn’t close properly. Another name for Mitral Valve Prolapse is Click-Murmur Syndrome.

MVP usually has a benign course, but it occasionally leads to serious complications, including clinically significant mitral regurgitation, infection of endocarditis, sudden cardiac death, and cerebrovascular ischemic events. MVP often occurs in people who have no other heart problems, and the condition may be inherited.

Signs and Symptoms of Mitral Valve Prolapse:

  • Anxiety
  • Dizziness
  • Chest discomfort
  • Easily tired (fatigue)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Bursts of rapid heartbeat (palpitations)

Mitral valve prolapse

Symptoms do not always relate to how serious your MVP is. You may have frequent symptoms, yet diagnostic tests may show your valve leak is not significant. These symptoms may cause you to worry, but they are not dangerous or life threatening, and, may not require treatment at all.

Exams and Tests of Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP):

The doctor will perform a physical exam and use a stethoscope to listen to your heart and lungs. The doctor may feel a thrill (vibration) over the heart, and hear a heart murmur (“midsystolic click”). The murmur gets longer and louder when you stand up. Blood pressure is most often normal.

The following tests used to diagnose mitral valve prolapse or a leaky mitral valve:

  • Chest x-ray
  • MRI of the heart
  • CT scan of the chest
  • Echocardiogram, ECG
  • Cardiac catheterization

Mitral valve prolapse can develop in any person at any age. Serious symptoms of mitral valve prolapse tend to occur most often in men older than 50.

Treatment of Mitral Valve Prolapse:

Most people who have mitral valve prolapse (MVP) don’t need treatment because they don’t have symptoms and complications. Even people who do have symptoms may not need treatment. The presence of symptoms doesn’t always mean that the backflow of blood through the valve is significant. People who have MVP and troublesome mitral valve backflow may be treated with medicines, surgery, or both.

  • Relieving symptoms
  • Correcting the underlying mitral valve problem, if necessary
  • Preventing infective endocarditis, arrhythmias, and other complications

Surgery: Surgery is done only if the mitral valve is very abnormal and blood is flowing back into the atrium. The main goal of surgery is to improve symptoms and reduce the risk of heart failure.

Surgical Approaches: Traditionally, heart surgeons repair or replace a mitral valve by making an incision (cut) in the breastbone and exposing the heart.

Valve Repair and Valve Replacement: In mitral valve surgery, the valve is repaired or replaced. Valve repair is preferred when possible. Repair is less likely than replacement to weaken the heart. Repair also lowers the risk of infection and decreases the need for lifelong use of blood-thinning medicines. If repair isn’t an option, the valve can be replaced. Mechanical and biological valves are used as replacement valves.

Seek counsel from our Cardiology Doctors in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) for the best treatment options for you.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com|Call: +1 281-866-7701.

Treatment of Heart Disease – Heart Doctors in Houston

Best Cardiologists in HoustonCardiovascular disease is the main source of death in men and women in the United States and a main source of grown-up handicap. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center is a full-service cardiology group of Houston Cardiologists having expertise in electrophysiology (EP), interventional cardiology, peripheral vascular disease, nuclear cardiology, echocardiography, heart surgery clearance and clinical cardiology. ACCC is the best heart clinic in Houston offering complete cardiopulmonary examinations at one place.

Our heart specialists give a full range of customized, open heart care including prevention, diagnosis, rehabilitation and clinical examination working nearly with clinical nurse specialists, exercise physiologists and confirmed cardiovascular experts in a patient-engaged, compassionate group way to deal with heart care.

Our cardiology specialists are focused on preventing heart issues before they get to be life threatening. With driving edge innovation, advanced treatment systems Types of Heart Diseaseand an emphasis on patient instruction, our doctors endeavour to give the most comprehensive yet cost-aversion and treatment conceivable.

Our doctors are profoundly prepared in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease and related issues. We are board certified and gathering of best cardiologists in Houston.

The doctors and staff at Cardiac Care Center in Houston are specializing practical experience in treating diseases that influence the heart, vascular framework and significant veins. We start with a complete cardiovascular discussion with a full supplement of analytic testing.

ACCC’s heart specialist in Houston concentrate on conveying the most elevated standard of customized cardiovascular care and gives high-quality, family-focused care to the patients to deal with all types of complex congenital or acquired heart disease from finding through treatment, including any required invasive or non-invasive strategies. We offer a full scope of in-office services, with extended hours, cutting edge imaging facilities, and complete hospital services.

Top Cardiologists in Houston

Services incorporate consultative cardiology, lipid management, electrophysiology, and state-of-the-art imaging, for example, echocardiography and stress testing. Our top cardiologists practice is committed to give an extensive variety of services related to prevention, diagnosis, treatment of cardiovascular disease, clinical cardiology, interventional cardiology and peripheral vascular disease. We give medical care to blood pressure and cholesterol control, cardiovascular risk factors assessment for the prevention of heart attack or stroke, vascular disease, congestive heart failure and syncope.

We take pride in treating you with empathy, courtesy and respect, and thank you for your trust and trust being taken care of by your health. We accept most insurance plans, if you have questions about your plan, please call us on +1 281-866-7701. We will effort to see that your visit is helpful, informative and cost effective helping your family lead a healthier life.

Visit us at: www.Advancedcardiodr.com |Call: +1 281-866-7701.

Atherosclerosis is a Disease in Which Plaque Develops inside Your Arteries

Best Cardiologists in Houston

Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body.

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque develops inside your arteries. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and different substances found in the blood. Ultimately, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. This restricts the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and different parts of your body.

Types of Atherosclerosis:

Atherosclerosis happens when fat, cholesterol, and calcium harden in your arteries. Atherosclerosis can happen in an artery anywhere in your body, including your heart, legs, and kidneys. Disease types include:

  • Kidney disease
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Peripheral artery disease

Symptoms of Atherosclerosis:

Atherosclerosis develops gradually. Mild atherosclerosis typically doesn’t have any symptoms. Atherosclerosis symptoms observed when an artery is stops sufficient blood to your organs and tissues. In some cases a blood clot totally blocks blood flow, or even breaks separated and can trigger a heart attack or stroke. Symptoms of moderate to extreme atherosclerosis rely on upon which arteries are influenced.

Causes for Atherosclerosis:

Atherosclerosis 1The reasons for atherosclerosis are complicated and still not totally caught on. Atherosclerosis is thought to begin when the internal lining of the artery gets to be harmed. The blood vessel wall responds to this injury by storing greasy substances, cholesterol, calcium and different substances on the internal lining of the artery. This plaque development progressively limits the blood vessels, making it harder for blood to flow.

Plaque can also break separated and cause a blood clot to frame on the broken surface or travel through the bloodstream, and prevent smooth blood flow to close-by organs. The resulting blood clot can also go to different parts of your body and blocks blood flow to different organs.

Risk Factors Include:

Factors incorporate tobacco use, large amounts of cholesterol in the blood, hypertension, diabetes, corpulence, physical inactivity, and diet. Dietary factors include low daily consumption of fruits and vegetables and other than moderate alcohol consumption. Risk factors that can’t be altered incorporate having a family history of right on time atherosclerosis.

Treatment of Atherosclerosis:

Treatment includes changing your present way of life to one that confines the measure of fat and cholesterol you expend. Sometimes, surgery might be fundamental if symptoms are particularly serious, or if muscle or skin tissue are imperiled. Possible surgeries for treating atherosclerosis include:

  • Angioplasty
  • Atherectomy
  • Bypass surgery
  • Endarterectomy
  • Thrombolytic treatment

Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death. Seek counsel from our Best Cardiologists in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Atherosclerosis for the best treatment alternatives for you. Approach: +1 281-866-7701. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center…!