Tag: Carotid Ultrasound in Houston

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease in which the heart muscle (myocardium) becomes abnormally thick (hypertrophied). The thickened heart muscle can make it harder for the heart to pump blood. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is very common and can affect people of any age. About one out of every 500 people has HCM. It affects men and women equally.

Other Names for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

  • Asymmetric Septal Hypertrophy
  • Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic Non-obstructive Cardiomyopathy
  • Idiopathic Hypertrophic Sub-aortic Stenosis (IHSS)

Causes of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

HCM is a genetic condition caused by a change or mutation in one or more genes and is passed on through families. Each child of someone with HCM has a 50 per cent chance of inheriting the condition. HCM is a common cause of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in young people, including young athletes.

HCM also can affect the heart’s mitral valve, causing blood to leak backward through the valve. Sometimes, the thickened heart muscle doesn’t block blood flow out of the left ventricle. This is called non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The entire ventricle may thicken, or the thickening may happen only at the bottom of the heart. The right ventricle also may be affected.

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Symptoms of HCM:

Many people with HCM don’t experience any symptoms. However, the following symptoms may occur during physical activity:

You may find that you never have any serious problems related to your condition, and with treatment, your symptoms should be controlled. However some people may find that their symptoms worsen or become harder to control in later life.

The area of heart muscle that is affected by HCM and the amount of stiffening that occurs will determine how the symptoms affect you.

For some people, a number of other conditions can develop as a result of having HCM. These may include abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias, including heart block and endocarditis.

Other symptoms that might occur, at any time, include:

  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • High blood pressure
  • Light headedness and fainting

 

Diagnosis of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

The health care provider will perform a physical exam and listen to the heart and lungs with a stethoscope. Signs may include abnormal heart sounds or a heart murmur. These sounds may change with different body positions, High blood pressure, the pulse in your arms and neck will also be checked. The doctor may feel an abnormal heartbeat in the chest.

Close family members of people who have been diagnosed with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may be screened for the condition. Tests used to diagnose heart muscle thickness, problems with blood flow, or leaky heart valves (mitral valve regurgitation) may include:

  • Echocardiography, ECG
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • MRI of the heart, Chest X-ray
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE)
  • 24-hour Holter monitor (heart rhythm monitor)

Risk Factors include:

Any strenuous exercise that increases after load (i.e., heavy weight lifting/training) can theoretically increase the magnitude of LV hypertrophy over time and thus worsen obstruction in subjects with pre-existing HCM. Risk factors for the development of end-stage HCM (manifesting as LV systolic dysfunction and LV dilation) include younger age of onset/presentation of HCM, a family history of HCM, increased ventricular wall thickness, along with the presence of certain genetic mutations in certain individuals.

Treatment of HCM:

At present there is no cure for HCM, but treatments are available to help control your symptoms and prevent complications. Your treatment will depend on how your heart is affected and what symptoms you have. You may need:

  • A Pacemaker – to control your heart rate
  • Medicines – to help control your blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms
  • An ICD – if you are at risk of having a life threatening abnormal heart rhythm

Seek counsel from our Houston Cardiologist if you suspect you are suffering from Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) for the best treatment options for you.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com|Call: +1 281-866-7701.

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Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (AICD)

Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (AICD) is a device that monitors a person’s heart rate. They are generally implanted into heart failure patients. AICD intended to convert life threatening rhythms of the heart which may cause sudden cardiac death also known as cardiac arrest, to a sinus (normal) rhythm. An abnormal heart beats are referred to as arrhythmias either one that beats too fast (Tachycardia), too slow (Brachycardia) or irregularly referred as Atrial Fibrillation.

Defibrillators treat arrhythmias in two ways: in the first instance the device tries to stop the abnormal rhythm with a burst of high speed pacing. If that fails, the device will deliver an electrical shock to the heart to reset its rhythm. Patients are usually not aware of cardioversion and nearly always aware of defibrillation. It is also capable of collecting and storing information about your heart’s electrical activity for your cardiologist to check. Cardiologist will program the defibrillator to deliver the best therapy for you.

The AICD gives your heart a shock if you suspect life threatening arrhythmias or an abnormally high heart rate. Some arrhythmias can cause the heart to completely stop beating. The shock given by the AICD can make the heart start beating normally again. An AICD can also make your heart beat faster if your heart is not beating fast enough.

The AICD System Consists of:

A small computer chip that tells the AICD when to deliver a shock

Batteries designed to last 4 to 5 years and deliver about 100 shocks

A pulse generator that can send an electrical impulse or shock to the heart

Electrodes that sense the rhythm of the heart and deliver a shock to the heart muscle

Doctor can also program the AICD to deliver a variety of sophisticated electrical therapies depending on the type of abnormal rhythm problem being treated.

Procedure:

An intravenous (IV) line will be started in your arm. Your doctor will inject a local anesthetic to numb the site where the device will be placed. Typically AICDs are implanted just under the collarbone, usually on the left side. Your doctor will make a small incision in the skin. From there, lead wires are passed through a vein to your heart and then tested to check their position in your heart. A little pocket is made under the skin for the pulse generator. It is about the size of a book of matches. The leads are connected to the pulse generator, and tested. Then your doctor will close the incision and program the device.

Potential Risks or Complications Associated with the Implantation:

The procedure is extremely safe, with a low risk of complication. Most complications are minor and easily treated, such as pain, bleeding and bruising at the implant site.

An infrequent complication is pneumothorax, a condition when the lung is accidentally punctured during the insertion of the lead. Air then leaks into the chest cavity, causing the lung to collapse. This condition can be treated with insertion of a chest tube to allow the air to escape and the lung to re-expand.

A rare but serious complication is infection of the implant site or the pulse generator/lead, requiring antibiotic therapy and even surgical removal of the entire AICD system if severe.

Factors that may Increase the Risk of Complications Include:

Obesity

History of smoking

Use of certain medications

Chronic diseases such as diabetes

Bleeding or blood-clotting problems

History of excess alcohol consumption

Symptoms:

Have chest pain or shortness of breath

Feel lightheaded and do not feel a shock

Call for medical help right away if you experience above life threatening symptoms. Seek counsel from our Heart Doctors in Houston for the best treatment options for you.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com|Call: +1 281-866-7701

 

Symptoms and Causes of Carotid Artery Disease

Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center gives extraordinary, family-focused consideration to kids and youthful grown-ups with suspected or diagnosed cardiovascular disease of all types. The establishment of our consideration concentrates on heart disease. Whether the patient needs an outpatient visit or requires hospitalization we have the offices and the specialists to give the most abnormal amount of tend to all patients in all circumstances. Our Heart Clinic in Houston is a pioneer in giving a steady group and family-focused way to deal with heart care with cardiovascular disease in any situation.

The carotid arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to the head, brain and face. They are located on each side of the neck. You can easily feel them by placing your fingers gently either side of your windpipe.

The carotid arteries supply essential oxygenated blood to the large front part of the brain. This part of the brain controls thought, speech, personality as well as our sensory (our ability to feel) and motor (our ability to move) functions.

The brain survives on a continuous supply of oxygen and glucose carried to it by blood. Carotid Artery Disease is the narrowing or blockage of these arteries (stenosis) due to plaque build-up (atherosclerosis). The plaque can then cracks, and develop an irregular surface, which is when it begins to cause problems.

If a piece of plaque or a blood clot breaks off from the wall of the carotid artery it can block the smaller arteries of the brain. When blood flow to the brain is blocked, the result can be a transient ischemic attack (TIA), which temporarily affects brain function, or a stroke, which is permanent loss of brain function. Common symptoms of TIA include brief attacks of weakness, clumsiness, numbness or pins and needles of the face, arm or leg on one side of the body.

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Carotid artery disease is one of the most common causes of stroke. More than half of the strokes occur because of carotid artery disease. Carotid Artery Disease influences the vessels prompting the head and brain. Acquiring this disease is a risk factor for having a stroke.

Carotid disease for the most part doesn’t brag any side effects. However, when blood flow to a portion of the brain is limited, side effects by and large happen. If an individual is encountering cautioning indications of a stroke, there is likely a blockage in the carotid arteries.

Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) are brief scenes of cerebral pains, discombobulating, shivering, deadness, obscured vision, perplexity, or loss of motion that can last anyplace from a couple of minutes to two or three hours. It’s basic that an individual see a specialist quickly if there are any indications of a TIA.

There are a few danger risks for carotid supply route disease, these include:
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Lack of activity
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history of coronary vein disease or stroke
  • High levels of “awful” cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood
Treatment choices for Carotid Artery Disease are subject to the reason and seriousness of the disease. For atherosclerotic plaque, the most well-known medications are:
  • Way of life changes: The best changes are to stop smoking, control hypertension, confine the measure of liquor you drink, and work out.
  • Pharmaceuticals: Certain drugs that keep the blood from thickening, for example, headache medicine or anticoagulants may be endorsed to keep a stroke.
  • Surgery: Having a carotid endarterectomy expels greasy plaque from arteries.
Seek counsel from our Top Cardiologists in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Carotid Artery Disease for the best treatment options for you.

Carotid Ultrasound Test

Dr. Annie Varughese is one among the Top Cardiologists in Houston and she is an avid speaker regarding issues in cardiology including that of Women and Heart Disease and holds the title of Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Texas Medical School in Houston.

We provide Stress Echo in Houston a test to know how well your heart functions. The stress test is done with heart stimulation, either by exercise on a treadmill with the patient connected to an electrocardiogram. People who cannot use their legs may exercise with a bicycle-like crank that you can turn with your arms. The level of mechanical stress is progressively increased by adjusting the difficulty (steepness of the slope) and speed.

Nuclear Stress Test is performed to measure the heart’s ability to respond to external stress in a controlled clinical environment. The stress response is induced by exercise or drug stimulation. Cardiac stress tests compare the coronary circulation while the patient is at rest with the same patient’s circulation observed during maximum physical exertion, showing any abnormal blood flow to the heart’s muscle tissue. The results can be interpreted as a reflection on the general physical condition of the test patient. We provide Nuclear Stress Test in Houston to diagnose ischemic heart disease.

We perform Carotid Stenting in Houston is an endovascular, catheter-based procedure which unblocks narrowing of the carotid artery lumen to prevent a stroke. Carotid artery stenosis can present with no symptoms (diagnosed incidentally) or with symptoms such as transient ischemic attacks or cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs, strokes). The largest clinical trial to date, CREST, compared stenting to surgery on the collective incidence of any stroke, any heart attack or death.

EKG Echocardiogram in Houston

Our heart doctors are specialists in treating Carotid Ultrasound in Houston an analytic imaging method performed usually to know the blocked or narrowed carotid arteries, to show an increased danger of heart stroke. Results helps the heart specialists to decided and propose better treatment steps needed to lessen event of heart attack. Our heart doctors giving advanced lipid test in Houston which is prescribed by the cardiology doctors to optimize the cholesterol treatment.

Advanced Lipid Test is executed as the standard cholesterol test may not give complete data of the presence of cholesterol that prompt some danger components to heart strokes and strokes. Cardiac Care Center in Houston with top cardiologist giving Holter/Event Monitor services in Houston, these are now and again called as EKG’s (electro cardiograms) helps in screen or record patient’s heart musicality consistently for 24 to 48 hours.

Cardiology doctor providing the EKG echocardiogram services in Houston are highly experienced and utilizing the innovation of Carotid Ultrasound to image or figure the dual dimensional parts of the heart. EKG Echocardiogram is also called as cardiac Echo. We give Echocardiography services in Houston; it is a test that uses sound waves, for the cardiology doctor to know the proper functioning of the heart beat and blood pumping status. Echocardiography procedure serves to distinguish different abnormalities in the heart muscle and valves.

Heart Doctors in Houston

Dr. Annie Varughese Heart Specialist in Houston attended the Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia and subsequently completed her residency in Internal Medicine as well as Fellowship in Cardiovascular Diseases at the University of Texas Medical School in Houston. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center with Heart Doctors in Houston.

Our Cardiology Doctors in Houston providing services like:

  • Weight Loss Therapy Services in Houston.
  • Holter/Event Monitor Services in Houston.
  • Tilt Table Test in Houston to diagnose dysautonomia or syncope.
  • EKG Echocardiogram in Houston to image two-dimensional slices of the heart.
  • Advance Lipid Test in Houston to identify additional risk factors of coronary heart disease.
  • Echocardiography in Houston to see the inside of one’s heart and see how it’s beating and pumping blood.
  • PFO & ASD closure in Houston to see blood flow between the left and right atria via the interatrial septum.
  • Transesophageal Echo Test in Houston in the presence of a cardiologist, registered nurse, and ultrasound technician.
  • Cardiac stress echo test in Houston done with heart stimulation to examine the symptoms and blood pressure response.
  • Nuclear Stress Test in Houston to measure the heart’s ability to respond to external stress in a controlled clinical environment.
  • Peripheral Angiography and Stenting Services in Houston to identify vessel narrowing in patients with leg claudicating or cramps.
  • Carotid Stenting services in Houston an endovascular, catheter-based procedure which unblocks narrowing of the carotid artery lumen to prevent a stroke.
  • Cardiac MRI/coronary CTA in Houston medical imaging technology for the non-invasive assessment of the function and structure of the cardiovascular system.
  • Carotid Ultrasound Test in Houston to reveal structural details of the carotid arteries, so as to look for blood clots, atherosclerotic plaque buildup, and other blood flow problems.
  • External Counter Pulsation Therapy in Houston a procedure performed on individuals with angina or heart failure or cardiomyopathy in order to diminish their symptoms ischemia, improve functional capacity and quality of life.
  • Cardiac catheterization and stenting services in Houston a minimally invasive procedure to access the coronary circulation and blood filled chambers of the heart using a catheter. It is performed for both diagnostic and interventional purposes.

Cardiac Catheterization and Stenting Care Center in Houston

Dr. Annie Varughese Cardiology Doctor in Houston attended the Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia and subsequently completed her residency in Internal Medicine as well as Fellowship in Cardiovascular Diseases at the University of Texas Medical School in Houston. Dr. Annie Varughese Houston Cardiologist pursued further training in Interventional Cardiology at The Texas Heart Institute/Baylor College of Medicine and now has been in private practice in the Northwest Houston and Woodlands area for the past 20 years.

Advance Lipid Test in Houston: Advanced lipid testing can identify additional risk factors of coronary heart disease that standard blood-cholesterol tests typically do not. Advanced Lipid Testing can diagnose early diabetes, insulin resistance if you have a tendency towards clotting or if you are genetically prone to having a heart attack. We analyze your blood test results in combination with your family history, lifestyle, medications and existing clinical factors.

Our Heart Clinic in Houston providing services like:

  • Weight Loss Therapy Services
  • Holter/Event Monitor Services
  • Tilt Table Test to diagnose dysautonomia or syncope
  • EKG Echocardiogram to image two-dimensional slices of the heart
  • Echocardiography to see the inside of one’s heart and see how it’s beating and pumping blood
  • PFO & ASD closure to see blood flow between the left and right atria via the interatrial septum
  • Transesophageal echo test in the presence of a cardiologist, registered nurse, and ultrasound technician
  • Cardiac stress echo test done with heart stimulation to examine the symptoms and blood pressure response
  • Nuclear stress test to measure the heart’s ability to respond to external stress in a controlled clinical environment
  • Peripheral angiography and stenting services to identify vessel narrowing in patients with leg claudicating or cramps
  • Carotid Stenting services an endovascular, catheter-based procedure which unblocks narrowing of the carotid artery lumen to prevent a stroke
  • Cardiac MRI/coronary CTA medical imaging technology for the non-invasive assessment of the function and structure of the cardiovascular system
  • Carotid Ultrasound Test to reveal structural details of the carotid arteries, so as to look for blood clots, atherosclerotic plaque buildup, and other blood flow problems
  • External Counter Pulsation Therapy a procedure performed on individuals with angina or heart failure or cardiomyopathy in order to diminish their symptoms ischemia, improve functional capacity and quality of life
  • Cardiac Catheterization and Stenting Services a minimally invasive procedure to access the coronary circulation and blood filled chambers of the heart using a catheter. It is performed for both diagnostic and interventional purposes

Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center

800 Peakwood Drive, Suite 8C, Houston, TX 77090

Phone: 281-866-7701

Fax: 281-866-7705