Tag: Cardiac Care Center

Treatment of Pulmonary Stenosis – Houston Cardiologist

Best Cardiologists in HoustonPulmonary stenosis is narrowing of the valve between the right ventricle or lower chamber, of the heart on its way to the lungs (pulmonary artery) or both. As pulmonary stenosis becomes more severe, the thickness of the right ventricle increases and produces right ventricular hypertrophy. Pulmonary Stenosis is a congenital (present at birth) defect that occurs due to abnormal development of the fetal heart during the first 8 weeks of pregnancy.

Types of Pulmonary Stenosis:

  • Valvar Pulmonary Stenosis: The valve leaflets are thickened and/or narrowed
  • Supravalvar Pulmonary Stenosis: The portion of the pulmonary artery just above the pulmonary valve is narrowed.
  • Subvalvar (Infundibular) Pulmonary Stenosis: The muscle under the valve area is thickened, narrowing the outflow tract from the right ventricle.
  • Branch Peripheral Pulmonic Stenosis: The right or left pulmonary artery is narrowed, or both may be narrowed

Causes:

Physicians do not know the exact cause of pulmonary valve stenosis. The valve in the fetus may fail to develop properly during pregnancy. The disease also may have a genetic component. The condition also may accompany additional congenital heart defects. Your physician will often recommend performing additional tests to ensure your heart is healthy. Adults also can experience the condition due to a complication from an illness that affects the heart. These include rheumatic fever or carcinoid tumors in the digestive system.

Pulmonary Stenosis

Signs and Symptoms:

Pulmonary valve stenosis signs and symptoms vary, depending on the extent of the obstruction. People with mild pulmonary stenosis usually don’t have symptoms. Those with more significant stenosis often first notice symptoms while exercising. Pulmonary valve stenosis signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Heart murmur
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of consciousness (fainting)
  • Shortness of breath, especially during exertion

Testing and Diagnosis:

In rare cases, newborns have life-threatening pulmonary stenosis, which requires immediate medical attention. Diagnosis of pulmonary stenosis may require some or all of these tests:

  • Chest X-ray
  • Cardiac MRI
  • Pulse oximetry
  • Echocardiogram
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)

Treatment:

Sometimes, treatment may not be needed if the disorder is mild. When there are also other heart defects, medicines may be used to help blood flow through the heart (prostaglandins), to help the heart beat stronger, to Prevent clots and to remove excess fluid. Prognosis without treatment is generally good and improves with appropriate intervention.

Treatment is balloon valvuloplasty, indicated for symptomatic patients and asymptomatic patients with normal systolic function and a peak gradient > 40 to 50 mm Hg. Percutaneous valve replacement may be offered at highly selected congenital heart centers, especially for younger patients or those with multiple previous procedures, in order to reduce the number of open heart procedures.

When surgical replacement is necessary, bioprosthetic valves are preferred due to the high rates of thrombosis of right-sided mechanical heart valves. This procedure is done through an artery in the groin. The doctor sends a flexible tube (catheter) with a balloon attached to the end up to the heart. Special X-rays are used to help guide the catheter. The balloon stretches the opening of the valve.

If you have pulmonary stenosis or another heart problem, prompt evaluation and treatment can help reduce risk of complications. Seek counsel from our renowned Best Cardiologists in Houston for the best treatment of Pulmonary Stenosis.

Schedule an Appointment: http://www.Advancedcardiodr.com |Call on: +1 281-866-7701.

Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment of Mitral Valve Prolapse – Heart Doctors in Houston

Best Cardiologists in HoustonThe mitral valve sits between the left atrium and the left ventricle and helps control the flow of blood from the left atrium into the left ventricle. The mitral valve consists of two flaps called leaflets. Normally, the leaflets open and shut in coordinated fashion to allow blood to flow in one direction from the atrium to the ventricle.

Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) is the most common valvular abnormality, affecting approximately 2-6% of the population in the United States.

Causes of Mitral Valve Prolapse:

Mitral valve prolapse occurs when the valve between your heart’s left upper chamber (left atrium) and the left lower chamber (left ventricle) doesn’t close properly. Another name for Mitral Valve Prolapse is Click-Murmur Syndrome.

MVP usually has a benign course, but it occasionally leads to serious complications, including clinically significant mitral regurgitation, infection of endocarditis, sudden cardiac death, and cerebrovascular ischemic events. MVP often occurs in people who have no other heart problems, and the condition may be inherited.

Signs and Symptoms of Mitral Valve Prolapse:

  • Anxiety
  • Dizziness
  • Chest discomfort
  • Easily tired (fatigue)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Bursts of rapid heartbeat (palpitations)

Mitral valve prolapse

Symptoms do not always relate to how serious your MVP is. You may have frequent symptoms, yet diagnostic tests may show your valve leak is not significant. These symptoms may cause you to worry, but they are not dangerous or life threatening, and, may not require treatment at all.

Exams and Tests of Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP):

The doctor will perform a physical exam and use a stethoscope to listen to your heart and lungs. The doctor may feel a thrill (vibration) over the heart, and hear a heart murmur (“midsystolic click”). The murmur gets longer and louder when you stand up. Blood pressure is most often normal.

The following tests used to diagnose mitral valve prolapse or a leaky mitral valve:

  • Chest x-ray
  • MRI of the heart
  • CT scan of the chest
  • Echocardiogram, ECG
  • Cardiac catheterization

Mitral valve prolapse can develop in any person at any age. Serious symptoms of mitral valve prolapse tend to occur most often in men older than 50.

Treatment of Mitral Valve Prolapse:

Most people who have mitral valve prolapse (MVP) don’t need treatment because they don’t have symptoms and complications. Even people who do have symptoms may not need treatment. The presence of symptoms doesn’t always mean that the backflow of blood through the valve is significant. People who have MVP and troublesome mitral valve backflow may be treated with medicines, surgery, or both.

  • Relieving symptoms
  • Correcting the underlying mitral valve problem, if necessary
  • Preventing infective endocarditis, arrhythmias, and other complications

Surgery: Surgery is done only if the mitral valve is very abnormal and blood is flowing back into the atrium. The main goal of surgery is to improve symptoms and reduce the risk of heart failure.

Surgical Approaches: Traditionally, heart surgeons repair or replace a mitral valve by making an incision (cut) in the breastbone and exposing the heart.

Valve Repair and Valve Replacement: In mitral valve surgery, the valve is repaired or replaced. Valve repair is preferred when possible. Repair is less likely than replacement to weaken the heart. Repair also lowers the risk of infection and decreases the need for lifelong use of blood-thinning medicines. If repair isn’t an option, the valve can be replaced. Mechanical and biological valves are used as replacement valves.

Seek counsel from our Cardiology Doctors in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) for the best treatment options for you.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com|Call: +1 281-866-7701.

Treatment of Heart Disease – Heart Doctors in Houston

Best Cardiologists in HoustonCardiovascular disease is the main source of death in men and women in the United States and a main source of grown-up handicap. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center is a full-service cardiology group of Houston Cardiologists having expertise in electrophysiology (EP), interventional cardiology, peripheral vascular disease, nuclear cardiology, echocardiography, heart surgery clearance and clinical cardiology. ACCC is the best heart clinic in Houston offering complete cardiopulmonary examinations at one place.

Our heart specialists give a full range of customized, open heart care including prevention, diagnosis, rehabilitation and clinical examination working nearly with clinical nurse specialists, exercise physiologists and confirmed cardiovascular experts in a patient-engaged, compassionate group way to deal with heart care.

Our cardiology specialists are focused on preventing heart issues before they get to be life threatening. With driving edge innovation, advanced treatment systems Types of Heart Diseaseand an emphasis on patient instruction, our doctors endeavour to give the most comprehensive yet cost-aversion and treatment conceivable.

Our doctors are profoundly prepared in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease and related issues. We are board certified and gathering of best cardiologists in Houston.

The doctors and staff at Cardiac Care Center in Houston are specializing practical experience in treating diseases that influence the heart, vascular framework and significant veins. We start with a complete cardiovascular discussion with a full supplement of analytic testing.

ACCC’s heart specialist in Houston concentrate on conveying the most elevated standard of customized cardiovascular care and gives high-quality, family-focused care to the patients to deal with all types of complex congenital or acquired heart disease from finding through treatment, including any required invasive or non-invasive strategies. We offer a full scope of in-office services, with extended hours, cutting edge imaging facilities, and complete hospital services.

Top Cardiologists in Houston

Services incorporate consultative cardiology, lipid management, electrophysiology, and state-of-the-art imaging, for example, echocardiography and stress testing. Our top cardiologists practice is committed to give an extensive variety of services related to prevention, diagnosis, treatment of cardiovascular disease, clinical cardiology, interventional cardiology and peripheral vascular disease. We give medical care to blood pressure and cholesterol control, cardiovascular risk factors assessment for the prevention of heart attack or stroke, vascular disease, congestive heart failure and syncope.

We take pride in treating you with empathy, courtesy and respect, and thank you for your trust and trust being taken care of by your health. We accept most insurance plans, if you have questions about your plan, please call us on +1 281-866-7701. We will effort to see that your visit is helpful, informative and cost effective helping your family lead a healthier life.

Visit us at: www.Advancedcardiodr.com |Call: +1 281-866-7701.