Tag: Cardiac Care Center in Houston

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease in which the heart muscle (myocardium) becomes abnormally thick (hypertrophied). The thickened heart muscle can make it harder for the heart to pump blood. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is very common and can affect people of any age. About one out of every 500 people has HCM. It affects men and women equally.

Other Names for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

  • Asymmetric Septal Hypertrophy
  • Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic Non-obstructive Cardiomyopathy
  • Idiopathic Hypertrophic Sub-aortic Stenosis (IHSS)

Causes of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

HCM is a genetic condition caused by a change or mutation in one or more genes and is passed on through families. Each child of someone with HCM has a 50 per cent chance of inheriting the condition. HCM is a common cause of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in young people, including young athletes.

HCM also can affect the heart’s mitral valve, causing blood to leak backward through the valve. Sometimes, the thickened heart muscle doesn’t block blood flow out of the left ventricle. This is called non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The entire ventricle may thicken, or the thickening may happen only at the bottom of the heart. The right ventricle also may be affected.


Symptoms of HCM:

Many people with HCM don’t experience any symptoms. However, the following symptoms may occur during physical activity:

You may find that you never have any serious problems related to your condition, and with treatment, your symptoms should be controlled. However some people may find that their symptoms worsen or become harder to control in later life.

The area of heart muscle that is affected by HCM and the amount of stiffening that occurs will determine how the symptoms affect you.

For some people, a number of other conditions can develop as a result of having HCM. These may include abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias, including heart block and endocarditis.

Other symptoms that might occur, at any time, include:

  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • High blood pressure
  • Light headedness and fainting


Diagnosis of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

The health care provider will perform a physical exam and listen to the heart and lungs with a stethoscope. Signs may include abnormal heart sounds or a heart murmur. These sounds may change with different body positions, High blood pressure, the pulse in your arms and neck will also be checked. The doctor may feel an abnormal heartbeat in the chest.

Close family members of people who have been diagnosed with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may be screened for the condition. Tests used to diagnose heart muscle thickness, problems with blood flow, or leaky heart valves (mitral valve regurgitation) may include:

  • Echocardiography, ECG
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • MRI of the heart, Chest X-ray
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE)
  • 24-hour Holter monitor (heart rhythm monitor)

Risk Factors include:

Any strenuous exercise that increases after load (i.e., heavy weight lifting/training) can theoretically increase the magnitude of LV hypertrophy over time and thus worsen obstruction in subjects with pre-existing HCM. Risk factors for the development of end-stage HCM (manifesting as LV systolic dysfunction and LV dilation) include younger age of onset/presentation of HCM, a family history of HCM, increased ventricular wall thickness, along with the presence of certain genetic mutations in certain individuals.

Treatment of HCM:

At present there is no cure for HCM, but treatments are available to help control your symptoms and prevent complications. Your treatment will depend on how your heart is affected and what symptoms you have. You may need:

  • A Pacemaker – to control your heart rate
  • Medicines – to help control your blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms
  • An ICD – if you are at risk of having a life threatening abnormal heart rhythm

Seek counsel from our Houston Cardiologist if you suspect you are suffering from Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) for the best treatment options for you.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com|Call: +1 281-866-7701.


Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (AICD)

Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (AICD) is a device that monitors a person’s heart rate. They are generally implanted into heart failure patients. AICD intended to convert life threatening rhythms of the heart which may cause sudden cardiac death also known as cardiac arrest, to a sinus (normal) rhythm. An abnormal heart beats are referred to as arrhythmias either one that beats too fast (Tachycardia), too slow (Brachycardia) or irregularly referred as Atrial Fibrillation.

Defibrillators treat arrhythmias in two ways: in the first instance the device tries to stop the abnormal rhythm with a burst of high speed pacing. If that fails, the device will deliver an electrical shock to the heart to reset its rhythm. Patients are usually not aware of cardioversion and nearly always aware of defibrillation. It is also capable of collecting and storing information about your heart’s electrical activity for your cardiologist to check. Cardiologist will program the defibrillator to deliver the best therapy for you.

The AICD gives your heart a shock if you suspect life threatening arrhythmias or an abnormally high heart rate. Some arrhythmias can cause the heart to completely stop beating. The shock given by the AICD can make the heart start beating normally again. An AICD can also make your heart beat faster if your heart is not beating fast enough.

The AICD System Consists of:

A small computer chip that tells the AICD when to deliver a shock

Batteries designed to last 4 to 5 years and deliver about 100 shocks

A pulse generator that can send an electrical impulse or shock to the heart

Electrodes that sense the rhythm of the heart and deliver a shock to the heart muscle

Doctor can also program the AICD to deliver a variety of sophisticated electrical therapies depending on the type of abnormal rhythm problem being treated.


An intravenous (IV) line will be started in your arm. Your doctor will inject a local anesthetic to numb the site where the device will be placed. Typically AICDs are implanted just under the collarbone, usually on the left side. Your doctor will make a small incision in the skin. From there, lead wires are passed through a vein to your heart and then tested to check their position in your heart. A little pocket is made under the skin for the pulse generator. It is about the size of a book of matches. The leads are connected to the pulse generator, and tested. Then your doctor will close the incision and program the device.

Potential Risks or Complications Associated with the Implantation:

The procedure is extremely safe, with a low risk of complication. Most complications are minor and easily treated, such as pain, bleeding and bruising at the implant site.

An infrequent complication is pneumothorax, a condition when the lung is accidentally punctured during the insertion of the lead. Air then leaks into the chest cavity, causing the lung to collapse. This condition can be treated with insertion of a chest tube to allow the air to escape and the lung to re-expand.

A rare but serious complication is infection of the implant site or the pulse generator/lead, requiring antibiotic therapy and even surgical removal of the entire AICD system if severe.

Factors that may Increase the Risk of Complications Include:


History of smoking

Use of certain medications

Chronic diseases such as diabetes

Bleeding or blood-clotting problems

History of excess alcohol consumption


Have chest pain or shortness of breath

Feel lightheaded and do not feel a shock

Call for medical help right away if you experience above life threatening symptoms. Seek counsel from our Heart Doctors in Houston for the best treatment options for you.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com|Call: +1 281-866-7701


Diagnostic Tests

In order to properly diagnosis an illness, an individual must undergo a series of tests. Some medical tests are simply a physical examination. Other tests require elaborate equipment used by medical technologists or the use of a sterile operating environment.
Specifically, a diagnostic test is a kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of a disease.

For example, diagnostic tests can:

•    Diagnose diseases
•    measure the progress or recovery from disease
•    confirm that a person is free from disease

In the case of cardiologists, diagnostic tests are critical in detecting and monitoring illnesses of the heart and surrounding tissues.

For example, following are a few of the more common cardiology diagnostic tests:

•    Blood test
•    CAT Scans
•    Echocardiography
•    Electrocardiograms (EKG)
•    Exercise Stress Tests
•    MRIs
•    Cardiac catherization
•    Cardiac biopsy

Diagnostic tests are a safe way to look inside the heart and determine not only the ailment, but possibly the safest and most effective treatment option. Cardiologists rely on diagnostic testing to monitor a disease and watch its progression or improvement.

If preventative measures weren’t enough to keep you from falling victim to a heart or blood vessel disorder, in best case scenarios, diagnostic testing can quite possibly catch the ailment in an early stage where treatment is non-invasive and rapid.

If you fear you may suffer from a heart disorder, see your cardiologist immediately to gain an accurate diagnosis and an effective treatment plan.

logon to www.advancedcardiodr.com and know more about the dignostic tests provided by Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center.

Prevention and Causes of Ischemic Heart Disease – Houston Cardiologist

Ischemic heart disease is a condition of recurring chest pain or discomfort that occurs when a part of the heart does not receive enough blood. This condition occurs most often during exertion or excitement, when the heart requires greater blood flow. Ischemic heart disease, also called coronary heart disease (CHD).

Ischemic Heart Disease

Ischemic Heart Disease develops when cholesterol particles in the blood begin to accumulate on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. Eventually, deposits called plaques may form. These deposits narrow the arteries and eventually block the flow of blood. This decrease in blood flow reduces the amount of oxygen supplied to the heart muscle.

As the heart is the pump that supplies oxygenated blood to the various organs, any defect in the heart immediately affects the supply of oxygen to the vital organs like the brain, kidneys, liver, etc. This leads to the death of tissue within these organs and their eventual failure.

Coronary Artery Disease

Causes of Ischemic Heart Disease:

Exact cause is unknown. However there are a number of risk factors. Control of these risk factors has been shown to reduce the severity and complications of the disease.

  • Stress is also thought to be a risk factor
  • Genetic and hereditary factors may also be responsible for the disease
  • The major risk factors are smoking, diabetes mellitus and cholesterol levels
  • Hypertension is also a risk factor in the development of Ischemic Heart Disease
  • Those with Hypercholesterolemia have a much higher tendency to develop the disease

Risk Factors of Ischemic Heart Disease:

  • Smoking
  • Overweight
  • Hypertension
  • Previous heart attack or stroke
  • Poor nutrition, especially too much fat in the diet
  • Elevated cholesterol and/or low level of HDL (high-density lipoprotein)

Symptoms of Ischemic Heart Disease:

  • Heart failure
  • Angina pectoris
  • Acute chest pain

Prevention of Ischemic Heart Disease:

Fatty diet, smoking, sedentary lifestyle and stress should be avoided, as they are the main causes of Ischemic heart diseases. Avoiding foods rich in saturated fats is important to reduce lipid levels in the blood and to prevent arteriosclerosis. Adequate regular exercise is also essential. Cholesterol and hypertension should be kept under good control with proper treatment.

Types of Heart Disease

Diagnosis of Ischemic Heart Disease:

Diagnosis of angina is a clinical diagnosis based on a characteristic complaint of chest discomfort or chest pain brought on by exertion and relieved by rest. Confirmation may be obtained by observing reversible ischemic changes on ECG during an attack or by giving a test dose of sublingual nitroglycerin that characteristically relieves the pain in 1 to 3 minutes.

Certain tests may help determine the severity of ischemia and the presence and extent of the coronary artery disease. Diagnostic tests may include electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, exercise-tolerance test, thallium stress test, blood studies to measure total fat, cholesterol and lipoproteins, X-rays of the chest and coronary angiogram.

Treatment of Ischemic Heart Disease:

  • Statins
  • Aspirin
  • Beta Blockers
  • Organic Nitrates
  • Calcium Channel Blockers

Potential Complications of Ischemic Heart Disease:

You can help minimize your risk of serious complications by following the treatment plan you and your health care professional design specifically for you.

  • Heart damage
  • Chronic angina
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
  • Arrhythmia (irregular heart rhythm)

Seek counsel from our Heart Specialist in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Diastolic Dysfunction for the best treatment options for you. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center…!

Prevention Steps in Developing Coronary Artery Disease

Prevention Steps in Developing Coronary Artery Disease

Dr. Annie, Houston Cardiologist suggesting to reduce the possibility of developing Coronary Artery Disease and thus having heart attack, by making some lifestyle changes as follows:

Stop smoking and take suggestions from cardiology doctor about smoking cessation programs. There are additionally nicotine substitution items to help you kick the habit.

Exercise regularly without fail. Go for 150 minutes of activity every week (around 30 minutes on most days). The action ought to be moderate intensity, such as walking or swimming. On the other hand, you could do 75 minutes every week of vigorous exercise. It is additionally prescribed that you do strength training twice a week. Follow the steps prescribed by the doctors.

If you have recently experienced a cardiovascular like heart attack or stroke or had heart surgery, be effectively included in the recovery program that was intended for you. The project will help you recover and may bring down your danger of facing another heart stroke. Meet our top cardiologists in Houston and get best suggestions.

Take healthy food and follow proper diet. There are numerous steps that you can take to improve your diet, such as consuming more foods grown from the ground, and also entire grains and high-fiber foods. Additionally, attempt to consume fish twice every week. What would it be advisable for you to keep away from? Stay away from foods that are high in cholesterol, sodium, sugar, and saturated fat.

Our highly equipped Heart Clinic in Houston, with a team of board certified and experienced Cardiology Doctors in Houston provide cardiac health services at patient’s personal care. If you’re overweight, meet your specialist about ways you can get thinner and keep it off. Two primary techniques for arriving at your objective incorporate decreasing the quantity of calories that you consume and keep on exercising.

If you have high blood pressure, follow steps to keep your blood pressure within normal levels. This include eating low-sodium diet, being more active, losing weight, drinking only in moderation and taking blood pressure medicine.

In the event that you have different conditions like elevated cholesterol or diabetes, get proper treatment. By rolling out way of life improvements and taking pharmaceutical you can take control of your health.

Make moves to diminish stress. Yoga and meditation are only two ways that you can figure out how to relax.

Additionally, inquire as to whether you ought to take an aspirin consistently.

Best Treatment for Carotid Artery Disease – Heart Clinic in Houston

Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center gives extraordinary, family-focused consideration to kids and youthful grown-ups with suspected or diagnosed cardiovascular disease of all types. The establishment of our consideration concentrates on heart disease. Whether the patient needs an outpatient visit or requires hospitalization we have the offices and the specialists to give the most abnormal amount of tend to all patients in all circumstances. Our Heart Clinic in Houston is a pioneer in giving a steady group and family-focused way to deal with heart care with cardiovascular disease in any situation.

The carotid arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to the head, brain and face. They are located on each side of the neck. You can easily feel them by placing your fingers gently either side of your windpipe.

The carotid arteries supply essential oxygenated blood to the large front part of the brain. This part of the brain controls thought, speech, personality as well as our sensory (our ability to feel) and motor (our ability to move) functions.

The brain survives on a continuous supply of oxygen and glucose carried to it by blood. Carotid Artery Disease is the narrowing or blockage of these arteries (stenosis) due to plaque build-up (atherosclerosis). The plaque can then cracks, and develop an irregular surface, which is when it begins to cause problems.

If a piece of plaque or a blood clot breaks off from the wall of the carotid artery it can block the smaller arteries of the brain. When blood flow to the brain is blocked, the result can be a transient ischemic attack (TIA), which temporarily affects brain function, or a stroke, which is permanent loss of brain function. Common symptoms of TIA include brief attacks of weakness, clumsiness, numbness or pins and needles of the face, arm or leg on one side of the body.

Carotid artery disease is one of the most common causes of stroke. More than half of the strokes occur because of carotid artery disease. Carotid Artery Disease influences the vessels prompting the head and brain. Acquiring this disease is a risk factor for having a stroke.

Carotid disease for the most part doesn’t brag any side effects. However, when blood flow to a portion of the brain is limited, side effects by and large happen. If an individual is encountering cautioning indications of a stroke, there is likely a blockage in the carotid arteries.

Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) are brief scenes of cerebral pains, discombobulating, shivering, deadness, obscured vision, perplexity, or loss of motion that can last anyplace from a couple of minutes to two or three hours. It’s basic that an individual see a specialist quickly if there are any indications of a TIA.

There are a few danger risks for carotid supply route disease, these include:

  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Lack of activity
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history of coronary vein disease or stroke
  • High levels of “awful” cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood

Treatment choices for Carotid Artery Disease are subject to the reason and seriousness of the disease. For atherosclerotic plaque, the most well-known medications are:

Way of life changes: The best changes are to stop smoking, control hypertension, confine the measure of liquor you drink, and work out.

Pharmaceuticals: Certain drugs that keep the blood from thickening, for example, headache medicine or anticoagulants may be endorsed to keep a stroke.

Surgery: Having a carotid endarterectomy expels greasy plaque from arteries.

Seek counsel from our Heart Doctors in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Carotid Artery Disease for the best treatment options for you.

Treatment of Heart Blockage – Cardiology Doctors in Houston

Treatment of Heart Blockage – Cardiology Doctors in Houston

Heart disease is the main source of death for both men and women in the United States. About 2,500 Americans die of cardiovascular disease every day, which is an average of one death ever 35 seconds. To prevent heart disease and increase awareness to its effects, you can roll out healthy improvements to bring down your risk of developing heart disease through carrying on with a healthy way of life. Fortunately, there are numerous approaches to prevent getting heart disease.

Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center gives the most significant standard of excellence in Cardiovascular Care while representing our ideals of customized patient consideration. Our objective is that of accomplishing superior patient fulfillment in each part of services given. We see our organization as a group of cardiology specialists working towards one common objective, that of our patients’ great health and prosperity. To that end, we pledge our services.

For every patient, we look at hereditary factors and different conditions that may influence their future health. At that point, a multidisciplinary group or our Cardiology Doctors in Houston tailors an arrangement to aggressively diminish risk components, consolidating customary methodologies with new procedures in view of examination. By consolidating attentive and caring consideration with our broad clinical and exploration resources, our cardiologists in Houston are generally perceived across the nation specialists in heart disease prevention.

Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center cardiology group has the mastery to prevent cardiovascular disease and its entanglements, especially in patients who are at high risk. Our Houston Cardiologist is dedicated to advancing heart-healthy way of life decisions, prevention and screening tools and exploration to diminish the prevalence of heart disease in America.

Our Cardiac Care Center consolidates the skill of preventive cardiologists, exercise physiologists and nurse specialists to evaluate your heart health and risk for heart disease. Our Heart Clinic in Houston concentrates on the advancement of health and prevention of heart disease offers you help with living longer and healthier lives by aggressively tending to the major contributing medicinal and way of life risk elements for heart disease.

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) incorporates dysfunctional conditions of the heart, arteries, and veins that supply oxygen to fundamental life-managing zones of the body like the brain, the heart itself, and other vital organs. If oxygen doesn’t arrive the tissue or organ will die. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is utilized as an aggregate term to incorporate coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs) and peripheral vascular disease (PVD).

We, Top Cardiologists in Houston are committed to helping you with managing so as to take steps towards heart disease prevention or diminishing risk factors and rolling out way of life improvements. We offer an expansive exhibit of projects to advance a heart-healthy life, including activity and wellness, diet and nutrition, tobacco cessation and stress management. Our Heart Doctors in Houston can treat the most serious heart and vascular issues.

Cardiovascular Rehabilitation includes the service of medicinal experts to help patients with heart issues (as in after a heart attack or sidestep surgery) and consolidates very much guided and imperative changes in way of life, including stress decrease. The crucial objective is to offer people help with returning to a dynamic and healthy way of life for ideal health.

To schedule an appointment with a Heart Specialist in Houston at Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center for heart disease prevention call on 281-866-7701.