Category: diet

Treatment of Pulmonary Stenosis – Houston Cardiologist

Best Cardiologists in HoustonPulmonary stenosis is narrowing of the valve between the right ventricle or lower chamber, of the heart on its way to the lungs (pulmonary artery) or both. As pulmonary stenosis becomes more severe, the thickness of the right ventricle increases and produces right ventricular hypertrophy. Pulmonary Stenosis is a congenital (present at birth) defect that occurs due to abnormal development of the fetal heart during the first 8 weeks of pregnancy.

Types of Pulmonary Stenosis:

  • Valvar Pulmonary Stenosis: The valve leaflets are thickened and/or narrowed
  • Supravalvar Pulmonary Stenosis: The portion of the pulmonary artery just above the pulmonary valve is narrowed.
  • Subvalvar (Infundibular) Pulmonary Stenosis: The muscle under the valve area is thickened, narrowing the outflow tract from the right ventricle.
  • Branch Peripheral Pulmonic Stenosis: The right or left pulmonary artery is narrowed, or both may be narrowed

Causes:

Physicians do not know the exact cause of pulmonary valve stenosis. The valve in the fetus may fail to develop properly during pregnancy. The disease also may have a genetic component. The condition also may accompany additional congenital heart defects. Your physician will often recommend performing additional tests to ensure your heart is healthy. Adults also can experience the condition due to a complication from an illness that affects the heart. These include rheumatic fever or carcinoid tumors in the digestive system.

Pulmonary Stenosis

Signs and Symptoms:

Pulmonary valve stenosis signs and symptoms vary, depending on the extent of the obstruction. People with mild pulmonary stenosis usually don’t have symptoms. Those with more significant stenosis often first notice symptoms while exercising. Pulmonary valve stenosis signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Heart murmur
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of consciousness (fainting)
  • Shortness of breath, especially during exertion

Testing and Diagnosis:

In rare cases, newborns have life-threatening pulmonary stenosis, which requires immediate medical attention. Diagnosis of pulmonary stenosis may require some or all of these tests:

  • Chest X-ray
  • Cardiac MRI
  • Pulse oximetry
  • Echocardiogram
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)

Treatment:

Sometimes, treatment may not be needed if the disorder is mild. When there are also other heart defects, medicines may be used to help blood flow through the heart (prostaglandins), to help the heart beat stronger, to Prevent clots and to remove excess fluid. Prognosis without treatment is generally good and improves with appropriate intervention.

Treatment is balloon valvuloplasty, indicated for symptomatic patients and asymptomatic patients with normal systolic function and a peak gradient > 40 to 50 mm Hg. Percutaneous valve replacement may be offered at highly selected congenital heart centers, especially for younger patients or those with multiple previous procedures, in order to reduce the number of open heart procedures.

When surgical replacement is necessary, bioprosthetic valves are preferred due to the high rates of thrombosis of right-sided mechanical heart valves. This procedure is done through an artery in the groin. The doctor sends a flexible tube (catheter) with a balloon attached to the end up to the heart. Special X-rays are used to help guide the catheter. The balloon stretches the opening of the valve.

If you have pulmonary stenosis or another heart problem, prompt evaluation and treatment can help reduce risk of complications. Seek counsel from our renowned Best Cardiologists in Houston for the best treatment of Pulmonary Stenosis.

Schedule an Appointment: http://www.Advancedcardiodr.com |Call on: +1 281-866-7701.

Treatment of Heart Disease – Heart Doctors in Houston

Best Cardiologists in HoustonCardiovascular disease is the main source of death in men and women in the United States and a main source of grown-up handicap. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center is a full-service cardiology group of Houston Cardiologists having expertise in electrophysiology (EP), interventional cardiology, peripheral vascular disease, nuclear cardiology, echocardiography, heart surgery clearance and clinical cardiology. ACCC is the best heart clinic in Houston offering complete cardiopulmonary examinations at one place.

Our heart specialists give a full range of customized, open heart care including prevention, diagnosis, rehabilitation and clinical examination working nearly with clinical nurse specialists, exercise physiologists and confirmed cardiovascular experts in a patient-engaged, compassionate group way to deal with heart care.

Our cardiology specialists are focused on preventing heart issues before they get to be life threatening. With driving edge innovation, advanced treatment systems Types of Heart Diseaseand an emphasis on patient instruction, our doctors endeavour to give the most comprehensive yet cost-aversion and treatment conceivable.

Our doctors are profoundly prepared in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease and related issues. We are board certified and gathering of best cardiologists in Houston.

The doctors and staff at Cardiac Care Center in Houston are specializing practical experience in treating diseases that influence the heart, vascular framework and significant veins. We start with a complete cardiovascular discussion with a full supplement of analytic testing.

ACCC’s heart specialist in Houston concentrate on conveying the most elevated standard of customized cardiovascular care and gives high-quality, family-focused care to the patients to deal with all types of complex congenital or acquired heart disease from finding through treatment, including any required invasive or non-invasive strategies. We offer a full scope of in-office services, with extended hours, cutting edge imaging facilities, and complete hospital services.

Top Cardiologists in Houston

Services incorporate consultative cardiology, lipid management, electrophysiology, and state-of-the-art imaging, for example, echocardiography and stress testing. Our top cardiologists practice is committed to give an extensive variety of services related to prevention, diagnosis, treatment of cardiovascular disease, clinical cardiology, interventional cardiology and peripheral vascular disease. We give medical care to blood pressure and cholesterol control, cardiovascular risk factors assessment for the prevention of heart attack or stroke, vascular disease, congestive heart failure and syncope.

We take pride in treating you with empathy, courtesy and respect, and thank you for your trust and trust being taken care of by your health. We accept most insurance plans, if you have questions about your plan, please call us on +1 281-866-7701. We will effort to see that your visit is helpful, informative and cost effective helping your family lead a healthier life.

Visit us at: www.Advancedcardiodr.com |Call: +1 281-866-7701.

Atherosclerosis is a Disease in Which Plaque Develops inside Your Arteries

Best Cardiologists in Houston

Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body.

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque develops inside your arteries. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and different substances found in the blood. Ultimately, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. This restricts the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and different parts of your body.

Types of Atherosclerosis:

Atherosclerosis happens when fat, cholesterol, and calcium harden in your arteries. Atherosclerosis can happen in an artery anywhere in your body, including your heart, legs, and kidneys. Disease types include:

  • Kidney disease
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Peripheral artery disease

Symptoms of Atherosclerosis:

Atherosclerosis develops gradually. Mild atherosclerosis typically doesn’t have any symptoms. Atherosclerosis symptoms observed when an artery is stops sufficient blood to your organs and tissues. In some cases a blood clot totally blocks blood flow, or even breaks separated and can trigger a heart attack or stroke. Symptoms of moderate to extreme atherosclerosis rely on upon which arteries are influenced.

Causes for Atherosclerosis:

Atherosclerosis 1The reasons for atherosclerosis are complicated and still not totally caught on. Atherosclerosis is thought to begin when the internal lining of the artery gets to be harmed. The blood vessel wall responds to this injury by storing greasy substances, cholesterol, calcium and different substances on the internal lining of the artery. This plaque development progressively limits the blood vessels, making it harder for blood to flow.

Plaque can also break separated and cause a blood clot to frame on the broken surface or travel through the bloodstream, and prevent smooth blood flow to close-by organs. The resulting blood clot can also go to different parts of your body and blocks blood flow to different organs.

Risk Factors Include:

Factors incorporate tobacco use, large amounts of cholesterol in the blood, hypertension, diabetes, corpulence, physical inactivity, and diet. Dietary factors include low daily consumption of fruits and vegetables and other than moderate alcohol consumption. Risk factors that can’t be altered incorporate having a family history of right on time atherosclerosis.

Treatment of Atherosclerosis:

Treatment includes changing your present way of life to one that confines the measure of fat and cholesterol you expend. Sometimes, surgery might be fundamental if symptoms are particularly serious, or if muscle or skin tissue are imperiled. Possible surgeries for treating atherosclerosis include:

  • Angioplasty
  • Atherectomy
  • Bypass surgery
  • Endarterectomy
  • Thrombolytic treatment

Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death. Seek counsel from our Best Cardiologists in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Atherosclerosis for the best treatment alternatives for you. Approach: +1 281-866-7701. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center…!

Prevention and Treatment of Myocardial Infarction – Heart Clinic in Houston

Myocardial Infarction 1

Myocardial Infarction is the technical name for a heart attack; it is the interruption of blood supply to part of the heart, causing few heart muscle cells to die. It is most commonly due to occlusion of a coronary artery following the rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque, which is an unstable collection of lipids and white blood cells in the wall of an artery.

The term “Myocardial Infarction” focuses on the myocardium (the heart muscle) and the changes that occur in it due to the sudden deprivation of circulating blood. The main change is necrosis (death) of myocardial tissue. The word “infarction” comes from the Latin “infarcire” meaning “to plug up or cram.” It refers to the clogging of the artery.

Signs and Symptoms of Myocardial Infarction:

The most common symptom of a heart attack in both men and women is some type of pain, pressure or discomfort in the chest. But it’s not always severe or even the most prominent symptom, particularly in women. Women are more likely than men to have signs and symptoms unrelated to chest pain, such as:

  • Sweating
  • Feeling of doom
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness, weakness
  • Pain that spreads to your back, left arm, jaw, neck
  • Squeezing pain, heaviness, tightness, pressure in center of chest

Symptoms Experienced by Women may Include:

  • Clammy skin
  • Unusual fatigue
  • Heartburn or pain in the abdomen

Causes of Myocardial Infarction:

The most common cause of blocked arteries is atherosclerosis. No one knows the exact cause of atherosclerosis. But most researchers believe it begins with an injury to the innermost layer of the artery, known as the endothelium. The following factors are thought to contribute to the damage:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Inflammation
  • High blood pressure
  • Elevated LDL (“bad”) cholesterol

Risk Factors of Myocardial Infarction:

  • Age, Stress, Smoking, Diabetes
  • Gender (men are at higher risk than women)
  • High-fat diet, Lack of exercise, High blood pressure
  • High LDL “bad” cholesterol and triglycerides (fats in the blood)

Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction:

  • Stress test
  • Blood tests
  • Chest x-ray
  • Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Coronary Catheterization or Angiogram

Treatment of Myocardial Infarction:

The goal when treating a heart attack is to restore blood flow to the affected area of the heart immediately, to preserve as much heart muscle and heart function as possible. If your doctor has prescribed nitroglycerin, take it while you are waiting for emergency medical personnel to arrive. Once at the hospital, your doctor may use drug therapy, angioplasty, and surgery.

Once you have been treated for a heart attack, making changes in your lifestyle, and taking medications as prescribed are very important for avoiding recurrent heart attacks and even death. Although certain herbal remedies as well as relaxation techniques may also be used, they should never be used alone to treat a heart attack. A heart attack always requires emergency medical attention.

Look for advice from our Best Cardiologists in Houston if you are suffering from Myocardial Infarction for the best treatment options for you. Call on +1 281-866-7701. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center…!

Best Treatment Options for Neurocardiogenic Syncope – Heart Specialist in Houston

Best Treatment Options for Neurocardiogenic Syncope – Heart Specialist in Houston

Syncope is defined as a sudden and transient loss of consciousness and postural tone with spontaneous recovery.

Neurocardiogenic Syncope is a specific form of passing out spells caused by sudden drops in heart rate or blood pressure. Neurocardiogenic syncope is the most common reason for fainting. Blood pressure rapidly falls, and blood flow to the brain becomes very low leading person to lose consciousness, usually for few seconds. Neurocardiogenic syncope can occur suddenly, in response to a startling event or strain (a needle stick, pain, fear, cough, or defecation). It can also occur after prolonged standing, heat exposure, or exertion.

Neurocardiogenic syncope is common and usually does not signal any serious problem or increased health risk. It can affect people of all ages, but is particularly common in young women. Neurocardiogenic syncope is put in the category of a reflex syncope, which is related to orthostatic intolerance. It is also known as Vasovagal syncope, Simple Faint, Neurally-Mediated syncope or Vasodepressor Syncope.

Symptoms Leading to Neurocardiogenic Syncope:

Neurocardiogenic syncope occurs in predisposed individuals in the following settings:

  • Immediately after exercise
  • After emotionally stressful events
  • After being in a warm environment
  • Infection, dehydration, and alcohol intake
  • After prolonged periods of quiet upright posture
  • Based on genetic make-up, dietary factors, psychological state

Neurocardiogenic Syncope Causes:

Neurocardiogenic Syncope most often happens to people in stressful or painful situations that causes them Anxiety, for example, when having blood drawn or receiving an injection.

In patients with overly sensitive nervous systems, straining and stress causes blood to pool in their legs. As a result, blood pressure may drop, reducing circulation to the brain. In others, their heart rate slows, sending insufficient blood to the brain, causing fainting.

Diagnosis of Neurocardiogenic Syncope:

  • It is important to rule out other reasons for the fainting episode(s).
  • Past medical history and thorough examination by the doctor determine diagnosis.
  • In carotid sinus massage, an individual’s carotid artery (in the neck) is massaged while being monitored by the doctor to observe any fainting response.

In tilt-table testing, the patient lies down on a table that is tilted upright to observe drops in their heart rate or blood pressure. This test is very effective in identifying patients with very sensitive nervous systems.

Treatment Options for Neurocardiogenic Syncope:

  • Anyone experiencing the symptoms of fainting should lie down immediately, with their legs elevated. They should be given plenty of room and air. If possible, whatever provoked the stress or Anxiety should be stopped.
  • They should remain lying down until complete recovery.
  • As stated above, fainters may die if kept upright and not allowed to lie down. However, this is very rare.
  • In people with frequent or disabling symptoms, treatment with beta-blockers may help. Other medicines that can be used include Scopolamine, Disopyramide, or Theophylline.
  • Some patients may need to be on a high salt diet or wear compression stockings.
  • For people with frequent episodes of fainting caused by Slow Heart Rate, they may need a pacemaker.
  • Vasovagal syncope is usually not a very serious problem and is usually very easily treated. If care is taken, repeat episodes may be avoided.

Prevention of Neurocardiogenic Syncope:

Anyone with a history of fainting when receiving injections or having blood drawn should lie down before the procedure. They should try not to look at the needle, and their legs should be kept elevated if possible.

Seek counsel from our Houston Cardiologist if you are suffering from Neurocardiogenic Syncope for the best treatment options for you. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center…! Call on +1 281-866-7701.

Prevention and Causes of Ischemic Heart Disease – Houston Cardiologist

Ischemic heart disease is a condition of recurring chest pain or discomfort that occurs when a part of the heart does not receive enough blood. This condition occurs most often during exertion or excitement, when the heart requires greater blood flow. Ischemic heart disease, also called coronary heart disease (CHD).

Ischemic Heart Disease

Ischemic Heart Disease develops when cholesterol particles in the blood begin to accumulate on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. Eventually, deposits called plaques may form. These deposits narrow the arteries and eventually block the flow of blood. This decrease in blood flow reduces the amount of oxygen supplied to the heart muscle.

As the heart is the pump that supplies oxygenated blood to the various organs, any defect in the heart immediately affects the supply of oxygen to the vital organs like the brain, kidneys, liver, etc. This leads to the death of tissue within these organs and their eventual failure.

Coronary Artery Disease

Causes of Ischemic Heart Disease:

Exact cause is unknown. However there are a number of risk factors. Control of these risk factors has been shown to reduce the severity and complications of the disease.

  • Stress is also thought to be a risk factor
  • Genetic and hereditary factors may also be responsible for the disease
  • The major risk factors are smoking, diabetes mellitus and cholesterol levels
  • Hypertension is also a risk factor in the development of Ischemic Heart Disease
  • Those with Hypercholesterolemia have a much higher tendency to develop the disease

Risk Factors of Ischemic Heart Disease:

  • Smoking
  • Overweight
  • Hypertension
  • Previous heart attack or stroke
  • Poor nutrition, especially too much fat in the diet
  • Elevated cholesterol and/or low level of HDL (high-density lipoprotein)

Symptoms of Ischemic Heart Disease:

  • Heart failure
  • Angina pectoris
  • Acute chest pain

Prevention of Ischemic Heart Disease:

Fatty diet, smoking, sedentary lifestyle and stress should be avoided, as they are the main causes of Ischemic heart diseases. Avoiding foods rich in saturated fats is important to reduce lipid levels in the blood and to prevent arteriosclerosis. Adequate regular exercise is also essential. Cholesterol and hypertension should be kept under good control with proper treatment.

Types of Heart Disease

Diagnosis of Ischemic Heart Disease:

Diagnosis of angina is a clinical diagnosis based on a characteristic complaint of chest discomfort or chest pain brought on by exertion and relieved by rest. Confirmation may be obtained by observing reversible ischemic changes on ECG during an attack or by giving a test dose of sublingual nitroglycerin that characteristically relieves the pain in 1 to 3 minutes.

Certain tests may help determine the severity of ischemia and the presence and extent of the coronary artery disease. Diagnostic tests may include electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, exercise-tolerance test, thallium stress test, blood studies to measure total fat, cholesterol and lipoproteins, X-rays of the chest and coronary angiogram.

Treatment of Ischemic Heart Disease:

  • Statins
  • Aspirin
  • Beta Blockers
  • Organic Nitrates
  • Calcium Channel Blockers

Potential Complications of Ischemic Heart Disease:

You can help minimize your risk of serious complications by following the treatment plan you and your health care professional design specifically for you.

  • Heart damage
  • Chronic angina
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
  • Arrhythmia (irregular heart rhythm)

Seek counsel from our Heart Specialist in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Diastolic Dysfunction for the best treatment options for you. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center…!

Prevention and Treatment of High Blood Pressure – Heart Doctors in Houston

Prevention and Treatment of High Blood Pressure – Heart Doctors in Houston

Your heart pumps blood around your body to convey energy and oxygen. A sure measure of pressure in your blood vessels is expected. Nonetheless, if there is a lot of pressure in your blood vessels, it puts additional strain on your arteries and heart, which can prompt genuine conditions, for example, heart attack, heart failure, kidney disease, stroke, or dementia. Blood pressure is measured in Millimeters of Mercury (mmHg) and is recorded as two figures:

  • Systolic Pressure – the pressure of the blood when your heart beats to pump blood out
  • Diastolic Pressure – the pressure of the blood when your heart rests in the middle of beats, which reflects how unequivocally your arteries are opposing blood flow

Hypertension is having a blood pressure higher than 140 more than 90 mmHg, a definition shared by all the medicinal rules. This implies the systolic reading is more than 140 mmHg or the diastolic reading is more than 90 mmHg. While this edge has been set to characterize hypertension, it is for clinical accommodation and on the grounds that accomplishing focuses underneath this level brings advantages for patients.

  • Pre hypertension is 120-139 systolic or 80-89 diastolic
  • Normal blood pressure is underneath 120 systolic and beneath 80 Diastolic
  • Stage 1 hypertension or hypertension is 140-159 Systolic or 90-99 Diastolic
  • Stage 2 hypertension or hypertension is 160 or higher Systolic or 100 or higher Diastolic
  • Hypertensive emergency (a restorative crisis) is when blood pressure is above 180 Systolic or above 110 Diastolic.

Causes of Hypertension:

Hypertension prompting a conclusion of hypertension will happen just when readings keep afloat constantly. Having hypertension for a short measure of time is ordinary. Blood pressure has a characteristic variety – it brings down amid rest and ascends on arousing. It additionally ascends in light of fervor, nervousness and physical movement.

  • Physical idleness
  • Usage of Alcohol and tobacco
  • A salt-rich eating regimen through prepared and fatty foods

Signs of Hypertension:

Hypertension itself is generally experienced by patients without any side effects by any stretch of the imagination (asymptomatic). Long haul hypertension can prompt the accompanying inconveniences by means of arteriosclerosis, which causes narrowing of blood vessels by framing plaques:

  • Aneurysm – an unusual lump in the mass of a conduit
  • Blood vessels in the eyes my crack or drain, prompting vision issues or visual impairment
  • An augmented or debilitated heart, to a point where it may neglect to pump enough blood
  • Blood vessel narrowing – in the kidneys, prompting conceivable kidney failure; additionally in the heart, mind and legs, prompting potential heart attack, stroke or removal, separately

Diagnosis of Hypertension:

The assessment of hypertension includes precisely measuring the understanding’s blood pressure, performing an engaged restorative history and physical examination, and getting aftereffects of routine lab contemplates.

 Prevention of Hypertension:

  • Stopping smoking
  • Exercising routinely
  • Cutting down on caffeine
  • Eating a sound eating regimen
  • Reducing the measure of salt you eat
  • Losing weight in the event that you have to
  • Cutting back in the event that you drink an excessive amount of liquor

Treatment of Hypertension (High Blood Pressure):

You can find a way to bring down your blood pressure with changes to your way of life and by taking pharmaceutical. In all cases, you can profit by rolling out some basic way of life improvements (outlined beneath). Whether you are likewise prescribed to take pharmaceutical will rely on upon your blood pressure level and your danger of building up a cardiovascular disease, for example, a heart attack, stroke or kidney failure.

 If blood pressure is reliably above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at home) yet your danger of cardiovascular disease is low – you ought to have the capacity to making so as to bring down your blood pressure a few changes to your way of life (see underneath). You may be offered yearly blood pressure evaluations.

If blood pressure is reliably above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at home) yet underneath 160/100mmHg – you will be offered pharmaceutical to bring down your blood pressure in the event that you have existing or high danger of cardiovascular disease.

If blood pressure is reliably above 160/100mmHg – you will be offered medication to lower your blood pressure.

Seek counsel from our Best Cardiologists in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Hypertension for the best treatment options for you.