Best Cardiologists in Houston

Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center 

Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center offers cardiac services in a warm, comforting, relaxing atmosphere. The practice is committed to high quality patient care in an ever-changing health care environment.

The practice operates under the direction of Dr. Annie Varughese, Board-Certified in Cardiology and leading cardiology specialist providing treatment for heart attacks, angina, hypertension and all aspects of cardiology. The well-trained cardiology staff offers a variety of comprehensive, state-of-the-art services to diagnose, treat and manage heart disease. Our cardiac specialists improve the lives of thousands of patients every year using advanced surgical and non-surgical procedures.

advanced card home page

The goal is to provide state-of-the-art cardiology care in a personal setting for our patients. We provide information for you and your family so you can understand the problem, tests and any recommended treatments.

We thank you for selecting Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center for you or your loved ones. We appreciate any suggestions how we might improve our service for you.

Services Offered byAdvanced Cardiovascular Care Center

To get the services from the best cardiologists of Houston click on the above links and request an appointment.

Cardiac MRI & Coronary CTA in Houston

Cardiac MRI & Coronary CTA :-

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a safe, noninvasive test provides detailed pictures of organs and tissues. MRI uses radio waves, magnets, and a computer to create pictures of your organs and tissues. MRI doesn’t use ionizing radiation or carry any risk of causing cancer.

cardiac-angio-mri

Cardiac MRI Scan report provides both structure and moving pictures of the heart and major blood vessels. Doctors use cardiac MRI to get images of the beating heart and to look at its structure and function. These pictures can help them decide the best way to treat patients who have heart problems.

Cardiac MRI is a common test. It’s used to diagnose and assess many diseases and conditions, including:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Damage caused by a heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Heart valve problems
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Cardiac tumors

Cardiac MRI can help explain results from other tests, such as X-rays and computed tomography scans also called CT scans. Doctors sometimes use cardiac MRI instead of invasive procedures or tests that involve radiation or dyes containing iodine.

A contrast agent, such as gadolinium, might be injected into a vein during cardiac MRI. The substance travels to the heart and highlights the heart and blood vessels on the MRI pictures. This contrast agent often is used for people who are allergic to the dyes used in CT scanning. People who have severe kidney or liver problems may not be able to have the contrast agent. As a result, they may have a non-contrast MRI.

Cardiac MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) allows cardiologists to see the heart in more detail than any other imaging format available. It is a non-invasive treatment that can more accurately identify in need of coronary angiography, coronary stenting or bypass operations. A cardiac MRI is a non-invasive test that uses radio waves to take images of the heart. Doctors use the test to evaluate the structure and function of the heart and blood vessels. Cardiac MRI test usually takes 45-90 minutes and it doesn’t hurt.

Coronary CTA is used as a noninvasive method for detecting blockages in the coronary arteries. A CTA can be performed much faster (in less than one minute) than a cardiac catheterization, with potentially less risk and discomfort as well as decreased recovery time.

A coronary computed tomography angiogram (CCTA) uses advanced CT technology, along with intravenous (IV) contrast material (dye), to obtain high-resolution, 3D pictures of the moving heart and great vessels.

Coronary CTA is also called multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT), cardiac CT or cardiac CAT. During CTA, X-rays pass through the body and are picked up by detectors in the scanner that produce 3D images on a computer screen. These images enable physicians to determine whether plaque or calcium deposits are present in the artery walls.

Coronary CTA (CCTA) allows direct visualization of the coronary artery wall and lumen with the administration of intravenous contrast. Coronary Computed Tomography Angiogram (CTA) technology results in structure of the functioning of heart.  Coronary CTA test can provide important insights to their primary physician into the extent and nature of plaque formation with or without any narrowing of the coronary arteries.

Who should have a Coronary CTA Test?

Intermediate to high-risk profiles for coronary artery disease, but who do not have typical symptoms especially chest pain, shortness of breath, or fatigue during heavy physical activity.

  • Unusual symptoms for coronary artery disease, but low to intermediate risk profiles for coronary artery disease
  • Unclear or conclusive stress-test (treadmill test) results

Get tested by Cardiac MRI/Coronary CTA scans to identify the imaging of the complete cardiovascular system.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com | Call: +1 281-866-7701

Cardio Diagnostic Tests in Houston

In order to properly diagnosis an illness, an individual must undergo a series of tests. Some medical tests are simply a physical examination. Other tests require elaborate equipment used by medical technologists or the use of a sterile operating environment.
Specifically, a diagnostic test is a kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of a disease.

For example, diagnostic tests can:

• Diagnose diseases
• measure the progress or recovery from disease
• confirm that a person is free from disease

In the case of cardiologists, diagnostic tests are critical in detecting and monitoring illnesses of the heart and surrounding tissues.

For example, following are a few of the more common cardiology diagnostic tests:

• Blood test
• CAT Scans
• Echocardiography
• Electrocardiograms (EKG)
• Exercise Stress Tests
• MRIs
• Cardiac catherization
• Cardiac biopsy

Diagnostic tests are a safe way to look inside the heart and determine not only the ailment, but possibly the safest and most effective treatment option. Cardiologists rely on diagnostic testing to monitor a disease and watch its progression or improvement.

If preventative measures weren’t enough to keep you from falling victim to a heart or blood vessel disorder, in best case scenarios, diagnostic testing can quite possibly catch the ailment in an early stage where treatment is non-invasive and rapid.

If you fear you may suffer from a heart disorder, see your cardiologist at Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center immediately to gain an accurate diagnosis and an effective treatment plan.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease in which the heart muscle (myocardium) becomes abnormally thick (hypertrophied). The thickened heart muscle can make it harder for the heart to pump blood. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is very common and can affect people of any age. About one out of every 500 people has HCM. It affects men and women equally.

Other Names for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

  • Asymmetric Septal Hypertrophy
  • Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic Non-obstructive Cardiomyopathy
  • Idiopathic Hypertrophic Sub-aortic Stenosis (IHSS)

Causes of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

HCM is a genetic condition caused by a change or mutation in one or more genes and is passed on through families. Each child of someone with HCM has a 50 per cent chance of inheriting the condition. HCM is a common cause of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in young people, including young athletes.

HCM also can affect the heart’s mitral valve, causing blood to leak backward through the valve. Sometimes, the thickened heart muscle doesn’t block blood flow out of the left ventricle. This is called non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The entire ventricle may thicken, or the thickening may happen only at the bottom of the heart. The right ventricle also may be affected.

Symptoms of HCM:

Many people with HCM don’t experience any symptoms. However, the following symptoms may occur during physical activity:

You may find that you never have any serious problems related to your condition, and with treatment, your symptoms should be controlled. However some people may find that their symptoms worsen or become harder to control in later life.

The area of heart muscle that is affected by HCM and the amount of stiffening that occurs will determine how the symptoms affect you.

For some people, a number of other conditions can develop as a result of having HCM. These may include abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias, including heart block and endocarditis.

Other symptoms that might occur, at any time, include:

  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • High blood pressure
  • Light headedness and fainting

 

Diagnosis of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

The health care provider will perform a physical exam and listen to the heart and lungs with a stethoscope. Signs may include abnormal heart sounds or a heart murmur. These sounds may change with different body positions, High blood pressure, the pulse in your arms and neck will also be checked. The doctor may feel an abnormal heartbeat in the chest.

Close family members of people who have been diagnosed with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may be screened for the condition. Tests used to diagnose heart muscle thickness, problems with blood flow, or leaky heart valves (mitral valve regurgitation) may include:

  • Echocardiography, ECG
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • MRI of the heart, Chest X-ray
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE)
  • 24-hour Holter monitor (heart rhythm monitor)

Risk Factors include:

Any strenuous exercise that increases after load (i.e., heavy weight lifting/training) can theoretically increase the magnitude of LV hypertrophy over time and thus worsen obstruction in subjects with pre-existing HCM. Risk factors for the development of end-stage HCM (manifesting as LV systolic dysfunction and LV dilation) include younger age of onset/presentation of HCM, a family history of HCM, increased ventricular wall thickness, along with the presence of certain genetic mutations in certain individuals.

Treatment of HCM:

At present there is no cure for HCM, but treatments are available to help control your symptoms and prevent complications. Your treatment will depend on how your heart is affected and what symptoms you have. You may need:

  • A Pacemaker – to control your heart rate
  • Medicines – to help control your blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms
  • An ICD – if you are at risk of having a life threatening abnormal heart rhythm

Seek counsel from our Houston Cardiologist if you suspect you are suffering from Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) for the best treatment options for you.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com|Call: +1 281-866-7701.

Cardiac MRI & Coronary CTA

Cardiac MRI & Coronary CTA – Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a safe, noninvasive test provides detailed pictures of organs and tissues. MRI uses radio waves, magnets, and a computer to create pictures of your organs and tissues. MRI doesn’t use ionizing radiation or carry any risk of causing cancer.

 Cardiac MRI Scan report provides both structure and moving pictures of the heart and major blood vessels. Doctors use cardiac MRI to get images of the beating heart and to look at its structure and function. These pictures can help them decide the best way to treat patients who have heart problems.

 Cardiac MRI is a common test. It’s used to diagnose and assess many diseases and conditions, including:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Damage caused by a heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Heart valve problems
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Cardiac tumors

 Cardiac MRI can help explain results from other tests, such as X-rays and computed tomography scans also called CT scans. Doctors sometimes use cardiac MRI instead of invasive procedures or tests that involve radiation or dyes containing iodine.

 A contrast agent, such as gadolinium, might be injected into a vein during cardiac MRI. The substance travels to the heart and highlights the heart and blood vessels on the MRI pictures. This contrast agent often is used for people who are allergic to the dyes used in CT scanning. People who have severe kidney or liver problems may not be able to have the contrast agent. As a result, they may have a non-contrast MRI.

 Cardiac MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) allows cardiologists to see the heart in more detail than any other imaging format available. It is a non-invasive treatment that can more accurately identify in need of coronary angiography, coronary stenting or bypass operations. A cardiac MRI is a non-invasive test that uses radio waves to take images of the heart. Doctors use the test to evaluate the structure and function of the heart and blood vessels. Cardiac MRI test usually takes 45-90 minutes and it doesn’t hurt.

Coronary CTA is used as a noninvasive method for detecting blockages in the coronary arteries. A CTA can be performed much faster (in less than one minute) than a cardiac catheterization, with potentially less risk and discomfort as well as decreased recovery time.

 A coronary computed tomography angiogram (CCTA) uses advanced CT technology, along with intravenous (IV) contrast material (dye), to obtain high-resolution, 3D pictures of the moving heart and great vessels.

 Coronary CTA is also called multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT), cardiac CT or cardiac CAT. During CTA, X-rays pass through the body and are picked up by detectors in the scanner that produce 3D images on a computer screen. These images enable physicians to determine whether plaque or calcium deposits are present in the artery walls.

 Coronary CTA (CCTA) allows direct visualization of the coronary artery wall and lumen with the administration of intravenous contrast. Coronary Computed Tomography Angiogram (CTA) technology results in structure of the functioning of heart.  Coronary CTA test can provide important insights to their primary physician into the extent and nature of plaque formation with or without any narrowing of the coronary arteries.

 Who should have a Coronary CTA Test?

Intermediate to high-risk profiles for coronary artery disease, but who do not have typical symptoms especially chest pain, shortness of breath, or fatigue during heavy physical activity.

  • Unusual symptoms for coronary artery disease, but low to intermediate risk profiles for coronary artery disease
  • Unclear or conclusive stress-test (treadmill test) results

 Get tested by Cardiac MRI/Coronary CTA scans to identify the imaging of the complete cardiovascular system.

Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com | Call: +1 281-866-7701

Heart attack Causes- Best Cardio Doctors in Houston

Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center provides the highest standard of excellence in Cardiovascular Care while exemplifying our ideals of customized patient care. Our goal is that of achieving superior patient satisfaction in every aspect of services given. We perceive our organization as a team of Best Cardiologists in Houston working towards one common goal, that of our patients’ good health and well being. To that end, we pledge our services.

 

A heart attack happens when a supply route that conveys oxygen-rich blood to the muscle of the heart (myocardium) gets to be blocked. The subsequent absence of oxygen reasons tissue to pass on in the piece of the heart supplied by the blocked corridor. A heart attack is additionally called as myocardial infarction (MI).

 Heart-Attack-Causes

Causes:

Most heart attacks are by implication brought about by coronary artery disease (CAD) or Atherosclerosis, a condition in which fatty stores (plaque) develop on the walls of a vein. This narrows the supply routes and confines blood stream to the muscle of the heart. A heart attack is normally activated by a tear or crack of the plaque, which prompts the arrangement of a blood coagulation that obstructs the blood stream in the supply route. Fit of the supply route can likewise add to the blockage.

 

Risk Factors

The danger components for showing at least a bit of kindness attack are like those for creating CAD.

 

Uncontrollable risk factors include:

Expanding age

Early menopause

Postmenopausal status

African American, Mexican American, American Indian, local Hawaiian, or Asian ethnicity

Family history of cardiovascular illness (These are ailments that influence the heart and veins.)

 

Danger elements that you can control through way of life or treatment include:

Diabetes

Hypertension

Mental anxiety

Sedentary lifestyle

Smoking or presentation to used smoke

Low levels of high – density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol

Elevated amounts of low – density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol

Obesity and overweight (particularly when concentrated around the waist)

 

Symptoms:

The indications of a heart attack may be significantly more unpretentious in ladies than in men. Midsection agony or uneasiness is ordinarily the most well-known side effect in men and ladies. Be that as it may, ladies may be more inclined to experience a portion of the other basic indications, especially shortness of breath, queasiness or spewing, and back or jaw torment.

 

Common symptoms include:

  • Severe fatigue
  • Lavish sweating
  • Dizziness, fainting
  • Heart palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • A fear of impending death
  • Pain high in the back, jaw, or neck
  • Feelings of heartburn or indigestion in the upper stomach area
  • Pain that emanates into the arms (on the left side more than the privilege)

​​​

Women may also experience heart attack symptoms as:

Vomiting or dizziness

Palpitations, paleness or cold sweat

Weakness or fatigue, unexplained anxiety

Unusual chest pain, stomach or abdominal pain

During a heart attack, symptoms last 30 minutes or longer and are not relieved by rest or oral medications. Initial symptoms can start as a mild discomfort that progress to significant pain. Heart attack may occur without having any of these symptoms. A silent MI can occur among all people, though it occurs more often among diabetics. We provide the best cardiac services in Houston taking more personal care to the patients.

ANEURYSM – Advanced Cardio Vascularcare Center

ANEURYSM

An aneurysm is an abnormal swelling or bulge in the wall of a blood vessel, such as an artery. It begins as a weak spot in the blood vessel wall, which balloons out of shape over time by the force of the pumping blood.

ANEURYSM can occur anywhere throughout the circulatory system, but most commonly develop along the aorta (the body’s main artery that runs the length of the trunk from the heart) and in blood vessels of the brain. Aneurysms are potentially fatal if they rupture. Death can occur within minutes. Usually, aneurysms develop at the point where a blood vessel branches, because the ‘fork’ is structurally more vulnerable.

Symptoms of an Aneurysm

An aneurysm may have no symptoms (asymptomatic) until it is either very large or it ruptures. Symptoms depend on which blood vessel is affected.

Types of Aneurysms

Different types of aneurysms include cerebral aneurysms, thoracic aortic aneurysms and abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Cerebral Aneurysm

A cerebral aneurysm occurs in a blood vessel in the brain. An aneurysm in the brain has no relationship to other aneurysms in the body, but in a small number of people, there is a family history. Cerebral aneurysms are more common over the age of 60.

Symptoms of a ruptured cerebral aneurysm include severe headache with rapid onset, neck pain and stiffness, increasing drowsiness, paralysis, seizures, impaired speech and visual problems. An unruptured cerebral aneurysm may have no symptoms related to it at all and may be discovered incidentally.

Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

A thoracic aortic aneurysm affects the aorta in the chest. Symptoms of a ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm include pain in the chest, back and neck, coughing, breathlessness, swallowing difficulties, hoarseness of the voice, swelling of the arms, and a constricted pupil and drooping of the eyelid affecting one eye.

In many cases, a thoracic aortic aneurysm doesn’t cause any symptoms and is discovered by accident during medical examinations for an unrelated condition.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

An abdominal aortic aneurysm affects the aorta in the abdomen. Symptoms include pain in the lower back, abdominal swelling, nausea, vomiting, rapid heart rate (tachycardia), sweating and the sensation of a pulse in the abdomen.

Cause of Aneurysm

  • A weakness in the blood vessel wall that is present from birth (congenital aneurysm)
  • Fatty plaques (atherosclerosis) resulting in a weakness of the blood vessel wall
  • Inherited diseases that may result in weaker than normal blood vessel walls
  • Trauma, such as a crush injury to the chest
  • Polycystic kidney disease increasing the risk of cerebral aneurysm
  • Very occasionally, an infection targeting and weakening a section of blood vessel
  • The sexually transmitted infection (STI) syphilis, if untreated, targeting the aorta and weakening its walls
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) over many years resulting in damage and weakening of blood vessels

Diagnosis of an aneurysm

An aneurysm is diagnosed using a number of tests including:

  • Physical examination
  • X-rays
  • Ultrasound scans
  • Computed tomography (CT) scans or CT angiograms
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or MR angiograms
  • Digital subtraction angiograms
  • Examination of cerebrospinal fluid

Treatment for an aneurysm

Cerebral aneurysm – is repaired either by coils or stent insertion, or by surgery where the aneurysm has been clipped. If the aneurysm has ruptured, then you will need to stay in hospital for up to 21 days because of potential complications, including vasospasm and hydrocephalus. Around one third of all people who experience a ruptured cerebral aneurysm die, and less than 30 per cent get back to a pre-rupture state.

Thoracic aortic aneurysm – requires drugs to control high blood pressure and surgery to repair the aneurysm if necessary. Sometimes, the nearby heart valve may also need fixing during the operation. Most people with a ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm die within minutes.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm – requires drugs to control high blood pressure and surgery to repair the aneurysm if necessary. The mortality rate is more than 50 per cent if the aneurysm ruptures.

Surgical repair of aneurysms

If the aortic aneurysm is less than five cm wide, it is usually left untreated, but closely monitored (in case it gets bigger). If it is larger than five cm, the aneurysm is surgically repaired. In most cases, the aneurysm is cut out and the hole is plugged with an artificial graft.

Depending on the location of the cerebral aneurysm, it will be treated either surgically with clipping, or by using fine platinum coils inserted in the aneurysm via an angiogram, which is a radiological procedure used, in this case, to close the aneurysm and preserve the normal flow of blood in the brain.

Treatment of a ruptured cerebral aneurysm is an urgent procedure, but treatment of an unruptured aneurysm can be performed semi-electively.

Seek counsel from our Best Cardiologists in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Aneurysms for the best treatment options for you.

To Schedule an Appointment Visit us at: www.advancedcardiodr.com|Call: +1 281-866-7701.