Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque develops inside your arteries. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and different substances found in the blood. Ultimately, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. This restricts the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and different parts of your body.
Types of Atherosclerosis:
Atherosclerosis happens when fat, cholesterol, and calcium harden in your arteries. Atherosclerosis can happen in an artery anywhere in your body, including your heart, legs, and kidneys. Disease types include:
- Kidney disease
- Carotid artery disease
- Coronary artery disease
- Peripheral artery disease
Symptoms of Atherosclerosis:
Atherosclerosis develops gradually. Mild atherosclerosis typically doesn’t have any symptoms. Atherosclerosis symptoms observed when an artery is stops sufficient blood to your organs and tissues. In some cases a blood clot totally blocks blood flow, or even breaks separated and can trigger a heart attack or stroke. Symptoms of moderate to extreme atherosclerosis rely on upon which arteries are influenced.
Causes for Atherosclerosis:
The reasons for atherosclerosis are complicated and still not totally caught on. Atherosclerosis is thought to begin when the internal lining of the artery gets to be harmed. The blood vessel wall responds to this injury by storing greasy substances, cholesterol, calcium and different substances on the internal lining of the artery. This plaque development progressively limits the blood vessels, making it harder for blood to flow. Plaque can also break separated and cause a blood clot to frame on the broken surface or travel through the bloodstream, and prevent smooth blood flow to close-by organs. The resulting blood clot can also go to different parts of your body and blocks blood flow to different organs.
Risk Factors Include:
Factors incorporate tobacco use, large amounts of cholesterol in the blood, hypertension, diabetes, corpulence, physical inactivity, and diet. Dietary factors include low daily consumption of fruits and vegetables and other than moderate alcohol consumption. Risk factors that can’t be altered incorporate having a family history of right on time atherosclerosis.
Diagnosis of Atherosclerosis:
A stress test monitors your heart rate and blood weight while you stroll on a treadmill or ride a stationary bike. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is utilized amid a stress test to distinguish anomalous heart rhythms, scar tissue in the heart muscle from a former heart assault, and ranges of diminished blood flow to the heart. Imaging strategies utilized amid a stress test, can pinpoint zones where blood flow to the heart might be decreased. An angiogram, where your specialist injects a dye into your arteries and afterward performs a chest x-beam, can uncover territories of harm and plaque development.
Treatment of Atherosclerosis:
Treatment includes changing your present way of life to one that confines the measure of fat and cholesterol you expend. Sometimes, surgery might be fundamental if symptoms are particularly serious, or if muscle or skin tissue are imperiled. Possible surgeries for treating atherosclerosis include:
- Bypass surgery
- Thrombolytic treatment
Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death. Seek counsel from our Heart Doctors in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Atherosclerosis for the best treatment alternatives for you.