The carotid arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to the head, brain and face. They are located on each side of the neck. You can easily feel them by placing your fingers gently either side of your windpipe.
The carotid arteries supply essential oxygenated blood to the large front part of the brain. This part of the brain controls thought, speech, personality as well as our sensory (our ability to feel) and motor (our ability to move) functions.
The brain survives on a continuous supply of oxygen and glucose carried to it by blood. Carotid Artery Disease is the narrowing or blockage of these arteries (stenosis) due to plaque build-up (atherosclerosis). The plaque can then cracks, and develop an irregular surface, which is when it begins to cause problems.
If a piece of plaque or a blood clot breaks off from the wall of the carotid artery it can block the smaller arteries of the brain. When blood flow to the brain is blocked, the result can be a transient ischemic attack (TIA), which temporarily affects brain function, or a stroke, which is permanent loss of brain function. Common symptoms of TIA include brief attacks of weakness, clumsiness, numbness or pins and needles of the face, arm or leg on one side of the body.
Carotid artery disease is one of the most common causes of stroke. More than half of the strokes occur because of carotid artery disease. Carotid Artery Disease influences the vessels prompting the head and brain. Acquiring this disease is a risk factor for having a stroke.
Carotid disease for the most part doesn’t brag any side effects. However, when blood flow to a portion of the brain is limited, side effects by and large happen. If an individual is encountering cautioning indications of a stroke, there is likely a blockage in the carotid arteries.
Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) are brief scenes of cerebral pains, discombobulating, shivering, deadness, obscured vision, perplexity, or loss of motion that can last anyplace from a couple of minutes to two or three hours. It’s basic that an individual see a specialist quickly if there are any indications of a TIA.
- Lack of activity
- High blood pressure
- Family history of coronary vein disease or stroke
- High levels of “awful” cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood
- Way of life changes: The best changes are to stop smoking, control hypertension, confine the measure of liquor you drink, and work out.
- Pharmaceuticals: Certain drugs that keep the blood from thickening, for example, headache medicine or anticoagulants may be endorsed to keep a stroke.
- Surgery: Having a carotid endarterectomy expels greasy plaque from arteries.