Prevention and Treatment of Myocardial Infarction – Heart Clinic in Houston

Myocardial Infarction 1

Myocardial Infarction is the technical name for a heart attack; it is the interruption of blood supply to part of the heart, causing few heart muscle cells to die. It is most commonly due to occlusion of a coronary artery following the rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque, which is an unstable collection of lipids and white blood cells in the wall of an artery.

The term “Myocardial Infarction” focuses on the myocardium (the heart muscle) and the changes that occur in it due to the sudden deprivation of circulating blood. The main change is necrosis (death) of myocardial tissue. The word “infarction” comes from the Latin “infarcire” meaning “to plug up or cram.” It refers to the clogging of the artery.

Signs and Symptoms of Myocardial Infarction:

The most common symptom of a heart attack in both men and women is some type of pain, pressure or discomfort in the chest. But it’s not always severe or even the most prominent symptom, particularly in women. Women are more likely than men to have signs and symptoms unrelated to chest pain, such as:

  • Sweating
  • Feeling of doom
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness, weakness
  • Pain that spreads to your back, left arm, jaw, neck
  • Squeezing pain, heaviness, tightness, pressure in center of chest

Symptoms Experienced by Women may Include:

  • Clammy skin
  • Unusual fatigue
  • Heartburn or pain in the abdomen

Causes of Myocardial Infarction:

The most common cause of blocked arteries is atherosclerosis. No one knows the exact cause of atherosclerosis. But most researchers believe it begins with an injury to the innermost layer of the artery, known as the endothelium. The following factors are thought to contribute to the damage:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Inflammation
  • High blood pressure
  • Elevated LDL (“bad”) cholesterol

Risk Factors of Myocardial Infarction:

  • Age, Stress, Smoking, Diabetes
  • Gender (men are at higher risk than women)
  • High-fat diet, Lack of exercise, High blood pressure
  • High LDL “bad” cholesterol and triglycerides (fats in the blood)

Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction:

  • Stress test
  • Blood tests
  • Chest x-ray
  • Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Coronary Catheterization or Angiogram

Treatment of Myocardial Infarction:

The goal when treating a heart attack is to restore blood flow to the affected area of the heart immediately, to preserve as much heart muscle and heart function as possible. If your doctor has prescribed nitroglycerin, take it while you are waiting for emergency medical personnel to arrive. Once at the hospital, your doctor may use drug therapy, angioplasty, and surgery.

Once you have been treated for a heart attack, making changes in your lifestyle, and taking medications as prescribed are very important for avoiding recurrent heart attacks and even death. Although certain herbal remedies as well as relaxation techniques may also be used, they should never be used alone to treat a heart attack. A heart attack always requires emergency medical attention.

Look for advice from our Best Cardiologists in Houston if you are suffering from Myocardial Infarction for the best treatment options for you. Call on +1 281-866-7701. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center…!

Houston Cardiologist-Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center

Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center has emergency wards, intensive care unit, coronary care unit and burns unit care unit. Our Houston Cardiologist is well equipped with all the modern machines required for X-ray, CT scans and other kinds of medicinal tests. The hospital has remained committed to provide quality and state-of–art treatment in the field of cardiovascular. Our cardiologists undergo years of advanced training in their respective specialties.

Top Cardiologists in Houston

Cardiac Care Center in Houston

Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center is one of the finest in the city and one of the best Cardiology Hospitals in Houston. An integrated facility, it has a dedicated team of cardiologists and Heart Specialist in Houston providing comprehensive, multi-disciplinary care to patients with various heart diseases. The entire team of doctors, nurses, technicians and heart specialists ensures excellent and efficient patient care.

Our Cardiology Department of Hospitals offers a full range of services in every subspecialty of cardiovascular diseases, including interventional catheterization, non invasive imaging including stress test, echo cardiograms, CT imaging, heart failure and transplantation, arrhythmia, vascular disease and heart disease prevention. Our cardiology doctor in Houston board-certified and fellowship-trained physicians offers simply invasive procedures to reduce your symptoms and get you on the road to a healthier life. Our cardiac group has developed a culture of excellence in patient care and academics with its outstanding team efforts.

We have enormous expertise in every aspect of cardiac care. We have a complete patient assessment by a multi-disciplinary team allows for the most individualized therapy program possible. Our Department of Cardiology is at the forefront of cardiac research, and is made up of prominent physicians who are internationally recognized for their contributions to best cardiac care, research and educationally-led cardiac services. Our Cardiology Doctors in Houston with digitalized cath labs and cardiac ICUs, your heart receives prime attention from our end.

Best Treatment Options for Neurocardiogenic Syncope – Heart Specialist in Houston

Syncope is defined as a sudden and transient loss of consciousness and postural tone with spontaneous recovery.

Neurocardiogenic Syncope is a specific form of passing out spells caused by sudden drops in heart rate or blood pressure. Neurocardiogenic syncope is the most common reason for fainting. Blood pressure rapidly falls, and blood flow to the brain becomes very low leading person to lose consciousness, usually for few seconds. Neurocardiogenic syncope can occur suddenly, in response to a startling event or strain (a needle stick, pain, fear, cough, or defecation). It can also occur after prolonged standing, heat exposure, or exertion.

Neurocardiogenic syncope is common and usually does not signal any serious problem or increased health risk. It can affect people of all ages, but is particularly common in young women. Neurocardiogenic syncope is put in the category of a reflex syncope, which is related to orthostatic intolerance. It is also known as Vasovagal syncope, Simple Faint, Neurally-Mediated syncope or Vasodepressor Syncope.

Symptoms Leading to Neurocardiogenic Syncope:

Neurocardiogenic syncope occurs in predisposed individuals in the following settings:

  • Immediately after exercise
  • After emotionally stressful events
  • After being in a warm environment
  • Infection, dehydration, and alcohol intake
  • After prolonged periods of quiet upright posture
  • Based on genetic make-up, dietary factors, psychological state

Neurocardiogenic Syncope Causes:

Neurocardiogenic Syncope most often happens to people in stressful or painful situations that causes them Anxiety, for example, when having blood drawn or receiving an injection.

In patients with overly sensitive nervous systems, straining and stress causes blood to pool in their legs. As a result, blood pressure may drop, reducing circulation to the brain. In others, their heart rate slows, sending insufficient blood to the brain, causing fainting.

Diagnosis of Neurocardiogenic Syncope:

  • It is important to rule out other reasons for the fainting episode(s).
  • Past medical history and thorough examination by the doctor determine diagnosis.
  • In carotid sinus massage, an individual’s carotid artery (in the neck) is massaged while being monitored by the doctor to observe any fainting response.

In tilt-table testing, the patient lies down on a table that is tilted upright to observe drops in their heart rate or blood pressure. This test is very effective in identifying patients with very sensitive nervous systems.

Treatment Options for Neurocardiogenic Syncope:

  • Anyone experiencing the symptoms of fainting should lie down immediately, with their legs elevated. They should be given plenty of room and air. If possible, whatever provoked the stress or Anxiety should be stopped.
  • They should remain lying down until complete recovery.
  • As stated above, fainters may die if kept upright and not allowed to lie down. However, this is very rare.
  • In people with frequent or disabling symptoms, treatment with beta-blockers may help. Other medicines that can be used include Scopolamine, Disopyramide, or Theophylline.
  • Some patients may need to be on a high salt diet or wear compression stockings.
  • For people with frequent episodes of fainting caused by Slow Heart Rate, they may need a pacemaker.
  • Vasovagal syncope is usually not a very serious problem and is usually very easily treated. If care is taken, repeat episodes may be avoided.

Prevention of Neurocardiogenic Syncope:

Anyone with a history of fainting when receiving injections or having blood drawn should lie down before the procedure. They should try not to look at the needle, and their legs should be kept elevated if possible.

Seek counsel from our Houston Cardiologist if you are suffering from Neurocardiogenic Syncope for the best treatment options for you. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center…! Call on +1 281-866-7701.

Prevention and Causes of Ischemic Heart Disease – Houston Cardiologist

Ischemic heart disease is a condition of recurring chest pain or discomfort that occurs when a part of the heart does not receive enough blood. This condition occurs most often during exertion or excitement, when the heart requires greater blood flow. Ischemic heart disease, also called coronary heart disease (CHD).

Ischemic Heart Disease

Ischemic Heart Disease develops when cholesterol particles in the blood begin to accumulate on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. Eventually, deposits called plaques may form. These deposits narrow the arteries and eventually block the flow of blood. This decrease in blood flow reduces the amount of oxygen supplied to the heart muscle.

As the heart is the pump that supplies oxygenated blood to the various organs, any defect in the heart immediately affects the supply of oxygen to the vital organs like the brain, kidneys, liver, etc. This leads to the death of tissue within these organs and their eventual failure.

Coronary Artery Disease

Causes of Ischemic Heart Disease:

Exact cause is unknown. However there are a number of risk factors. Control of these risk factors has been shown to reduce the severity and complications of the disease.

  • Stress is also thought to be a risk factor
  • Genetic and hereditary factors may also be responsible for the disease
  • The major risk factors are smoking, diabetes mellitus and cholesterol levels
  • Hypertension is also a risk factor in the development of Ischemic Heart Disease
  • Those with Hypercholesterolemia have a much higher tendency to develop the disease

Risk Factors of Ischemic Heart Disease:

  • Smoking
  • Overweight
  • Hypertension
  • Previous heart attack or stroke
  • Poor nutrition, especially too much fat in the diet
  • Elevated cholesterol and/or low level of HDL (high-density lipoprotein)

Symptoms of Ischemic Heart Disease:

  • Heart failure
  • Angina pectoris
  • Acute chest pain

Prevention of Ischemic Heart Disease:

Fatty diet, smoking, sedentary lifestyle and stress should be avoided, as they are the main causes of Ischemic heart diseases. Avoiding foods rich in saturated fats is important to reduce lipid levels in the blood and to prevent arteriosclerosis. Adequate regular exercise is also essential. Cholesterol and hypertension should be kept under good control with proper treatment.

Types of Heart Disease

Diagnosis of Ischemic Heart Disease:

Diagnosis of angina is a clinical diagnosis based on a characteristic complaint of chest discomfort or chest pain brought on by exertion and relieved by rest. Confirmation may be obtained by observing reversible ischemic changes on ECG during an attack or by giving a test dose of sublingual nitroglycerin that characteristically relieves the pain in 1 to 3 minutes.

Certain tests may help determine the severity of ischemia and the presence and extent of the coronary artery disease. Diagnostic tests may include electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, exercise-tolerance test, thallium stress test, blood studies to measure total fat, cholesterol and lipoproteins, X-rays of the chest and coronary angiogram.

Treatment of Ischemic Heart Disease:

  • Statins
  • Aspirin
  • Beta Blockers
  • Organic Nitrates
  • Calcium Channel Blockers

Potential Complications of Ischemic Heart Disease:

You can help minimize your risk of serious complications by following the treatment plan you and your health care professional design specifically for you.

  • Heart damage
  • Chronic angina
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
  • Arrhythmia (irregular heart rhythm)

Seek counsel from our Heart Specialist in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Diastolic Dysfunction for the best treatment options for you. Advanced Cardiovascular Care Center…!

Prevention and Treatment of High Blood Pressure – Heart Doctors in Houston

Your heart pumps blood around your body to convey energy and oxygen. A sure measure of pressure in your blood vessels is expected. Nonetheless, if there is a lot of pressure in your blood vessels, it puts additional strain on your arteries and heart, which can prompt genuine conditions, for example, heart attack, heart failure, kidney disease, stroke, or dementia. Blood pressure is measured in Millimeters of Mercury (mmHg) and is recorded as two figures:

  • Systolic Pressure – the pressure of the blood when your heart beats to pump blood out
  • Diastolic Pressure – the pressure of the blood when your heart rests in the middle of beats, which reflects how unequivocally your arteries are opposing blood flow

Hypertension is having a blood pressure higher than 140 more than 90 mmHg, a definition shared by all the medicinal rules. This implies the systolic reading is more than 140 mmHg or the diastolic reading is more than 90 mmHg. While this edge has been set to characterize hypertension, it is for clinical accommodation and on the grounds that accomplishing focuses underneath this level brings advantages for patients.

  • Pre hypertension is 120-139 systolic or 80-89 diastolic
  • Normal blood pressure is underneath 120 systolic and beneath 80 Diastolic
  • Stage 1 hypertension or hypertension is 140-159 Systolic or 90-99 Diastolic
  • Stage 2 hypertension or hypertension is 160 or higher Systolic or 100 or higher Diastolic
  • Hypertensive emergency (a restorative crisis) is when blood pressure is above 180 Systolic or above 110 Diastolic.

Causes of Hypertension:

Hypertension prompting a conclusion of hypertension will happen just when readings keep afloat constantly. Having hypertension for a short measure of time is ordinary. Blood pressure has a characteristic variety – it brings down amid rest and ascends on arousing. It additionally ascends in light of fervor, nervousness and physical movement.

  • Physical idleness
  • Usage of Alcohol and tobacco
  • A salt-rich eating regimen through prepared and fatty foods

Signs of Hypertension:

Hypertension itself is generally experienced by patients without any side effects by any stretch of the imagination (asymptomatic). Long haul hypertension can prompt the accompanying inconveniences by means of arteriosclerosis, which causes narrowing of blood vessels by framing plaques:

  • Aneurysm – an unusual lump in the mass of a conduit
  • Blood vessels in the eyes my crack or drain, prompting vision issues or visual impairment
  • An augmented or debilitated heart, to a point where it may neglect to pump enough blood
  • Blood vessel narrowing – in the kidneys, prompting conceivable kidney failure; additionally in the heart, mind and legs, prompting potential heart attack, stroke or removal, separately

Diagnosis of Hypertension:

The assessment of hypertension includes precisely measuring the understanding’s blood pressure, performing an engaged restorative history and physical examination, and getting aftereffects of routine lab contemplates.

 Prevention of Hypertension:

  • Stopping smoking
  • Exercising routinely
  • Cutting down on caffeine
  • Eating a sound eating regimen
  • Reducing the measure of salt you eat
  • Losing weight in the event that you have to
  • Cutting back in the event that you drink an excessive amount of liquor

Treatment of Hypertension (High Blood Pressure):

You can find a way to bring down your blood pressure with changes to your way of life and by taking pharmaceutical. In all cases, you can profit by rolling out some basic way of life improvements (outlined beneath). Whether you are likewise prescribed to take pharmaceutical will rely on upon your blood pressure level and your danger of building up a cardiovascular disease, for example, a heart attack, stroke or kidney failure.

 If blood pressure is reliably above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at home) yet your danger of cardiovascular disease is low – you ought to have the capacity to making so as to bring down your blood pressure a few changes to your way of life (see underneath). You may be offered yearly blood pressure evaluations.

If blood pressure is reliably above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at home) yet underneath 160/100mmHg – you will be offered pharmaceutical to bring down your blood pressure in the event that you have existing or high danger of cardiovascular disease.

If blood pressure is reliably above 160/100mmHg – you will be offered medication to lower your blood pressure.

Seek counsel from our Best Cardiologists in Houston if you suspect you are suffering from Hypertension for the best treatment options for you.