An echocardiogram uses sound waves to create images of heart. This test allows our doctor to see how heart is beating and pumping blood. Our doctor can use the images from an echocardiogram to recognize various defects in the heart muscle and valves. According to patient medical report and history on what information our doctor needs, patient may have one of a number of types of echocardiograms. Each type of echocardiogram has few risks involved.
Our doctor may recommend an echocardiogram test if he or she suspects problem with the valves or arteries of patient heart or patient heart’s ability to pump.
Different types of Echocardiography services provided by us according to patient’s medical report:
Transesophageal Echocardiogram: If it’s complicated to get a clear picture of patient heart with a standard echocardiogram, our doctor may recommend a transesophageal echocardiogram.
Transthoracic Echocardiogram: It is a standard, non-invasive echocardiogram. A technician spreads gel on patient chest and then presses a device known as a transducer firmly against patient skin, aiming an ultrasound beam all through patient chest to patient heart. The transducer records the sound wave echoes patient heart produces.
Stress Echocardiogram: Some heart problems particularly those involving the coronary arteries that supply blood to patient heart muscle occur only during physical activity. For a stress echocardiogram, ultrasound images of patient heart are taken before and immediately after walking on a treadmill.
Doppler Echocardiogram: When sound waves bounce off blood cells moving through patient heart and blood vessels, they change pitch. These changes (Doppler signals) can help doctor measure the speed and direction of the blood flow to the heart.
Information from the Echocardiography may show after testing:
Size of the Heart: Weakened or damaged heart valves, high blood pressure or other diseases can cause the arteries of heart to enlarge.
Strength of Pumping: An echocardiogram can help doctor determine heart’s pumping strength. Specific measurements may include the percentage of blood that’s pumped out of a filled ventricle with each heartbeat (ejection fraction) or the volume of blood pumped by the heart in one minute (cardiac output).
Damage to the heart muscle-During an echocardiogram, our doctor can determine whether all parts of the heart wall are contributing normally to patient heart’s pumping activity. Parts that move weak may have been damaged during a heart attack or be receiving too little oxygen. This may indicate coronary artery disease or various other conditions.
Valve Problems: An echocardiogram shows how patient heart valves move as patient heart beats. Our doctor can determine if the valves open wide enough for adequate blood flow or close fully to prevent blood leakage. Abnormal blood flow patterns and certain conditions, such as aortic valve stenosis — when the heart’s aortic valve is narrowed — can be detected as well.
Heart Defects: Many heart defects can be detected with an Echocardiography test, including problems with the heart chambers, abnormal connections between the heart and major blood vessels, and complex heart defects that are present at birth.