Cardiac catheterization is an invasive procedure that is used to evaluate the coronary arteries, heart valves, and heart muscle. The cardiologist uses a long, thin tube called a catheter that is inserted through a blood vessel in arm or leg. The catheter is threaded through the blood vessel, under X-ray, to the heart. Contrast is injected through the catheter and images are recorded as the contrast moves through the arteries, chambers and valves of the heart.
Catheterization may determine the need for further treatment to be required, such as stent or bypass surgery. Certain heart disease treatments can be done during cardiac catheterization such as balloon angioplasty or stenting.
It’s often used instead of open-heart surgery to treat congenital heart defects. We perform hundreds of cardiac catheterizations a year. Our interventional catheterization specialists perform catheterization to observe a fetus or heart structure, measure blood pressure, close holes, expand narrowed passages and open new passages. The procedure is now used in instances that once required surgery.
Reasons to perform Cardiac Catheterization:
- Cardiac catheterization is used to find the cause of symptoms, such as chest pain, that could suggest heart problems.
Benefits of performing cardiac catheterization:
- Diagnose and treat problems that may cause heart attack or stroke
- Identify blockages or narrowing that could cause chest pain
- Obtain information for the best treatment plan
A stent is a little, metal cross section tube that is put inside a coronary artery to keep the vein open. To place the stent, a little entry point is made in the groin area to achieve the vein there. A catheter is guided through the groin artery into an area of the coronary artery which is blocked. The stent is embedded alongside an inflatable catheter and expands when the blow up is inflated. The stent is then left there to help keep the artery open.
Our heart clinic providing best treatment for Cardiac Catheterization and Stenting in Houston to measure internal heart and blood pressures information accurately during the test.